National Army Subscription - A Sign Of The Times
National Army Subscription – A Sign Of The Times

The debate about national army subscription concerns implementing compulsory military service or conscription in a country.

National Army Subscription - A Sign Of The Times


National Army Subscription

The debate about national army subscription concerns implementing compulsory military service or conscription in a country. This debate typically involves weighing the benefits and drawbacks of requiring citizens to serve in the armed forces for a certain period of time.

Supporters of national army subscription argue that it promotes national defence, fosters a sense of duty and patriotism among citizens, and provides valuable training and discipline. They believe mandatory military service helps build a solid and capable defence force, ensures a fair distribution of national security burden, and enhances social cohesion.



On the other hand, opponents of national army subscription raise concerns about individual freedoms and personal choice. They argue that forcing individuals to serve in the military goes against the principles of liberty and autonomy. They also highlight potential social and economic disruptions caused by conscription, such as disrupting education or career plans and negatively impacting the labour market.

The specific arguments and perspectives on national army subscription can vary depending on the country and its unique circumstances. Ultimately, the debate revolves around finding a balance between national security needs and individual rights and freedoms.


Conversation Questions – Part 1

1. Is it necessary in today’s modern warfare landscape?

2. Should it be implemented as a mandatory requirement for all citizens?

3. Does it promote a stronger sense of patriotism and national identity?

4. What are the potential economic implications of implementing a national army subscription?

5. Should individuals have the right to choose whether or not to serve in the military?

6. Does it unfairly burden certain sections of society, such as lower-income individuals or marginalised communities?

7. How does it impact gender equality in the military?

8. Should there be alternative forms, such as community service, instead of mandatory military service?

9. How does it affect the education and career prospects of young individuals?

10. Does it enhance or hinder social cohesion within a country?

Conversation Questions – Part 2

10. Does it enhance or hinder social cohesion within a country?

11. Should the duration of national army subscription be the same for all citizens, or should it vary based on specific circumstances?

12. How does it impact mental health and well-being?

13. Does it ensure a more prepared and capable defence force in times of crisis?

14. Should exemptions or deferments exist for specific individuals, such as conscientious objectors or those with medical conditions?

15. How does it impact the relationship between the military and civilian society?

16. Should incentives or benefits be provided to individuals who serve in the military through national army subscription?

17. What measures can be taken to minimise the potential adverse effects on individuals’ lives?

18. Does it promote discipline and character development in young individuals?

19. Should it be tailored to address specific national security challenges and needs?

20. How does it compare to volunteer-based military recruitment regarding effectiveness and efficiency?

If you are preparing for an IELTS exam, please complete the following essay writing task for homework. 

Supporters of national army subscription argue that it promotes national defence, fosters a sense of duty and patriotism among citizens, and provides valuable training and discipline. Those who oppose this concept believe that it has adverse effects on society. 

Write an essay to provide your opinion. The time allowed to complete this task is at most forty minutes. You must write a minimum of 250 words. Corrections and a score will be provided at the beginning of your next class.

Nurse - Medical English
Nurse – Medical English

Medical English Nurse is a medical English podcast for nurses who are studying for an IELTS or CELPIP exam.

Nurse - Medical English

Nurse Medical English podcast

Nurse Podcast Transcription

Hello, and welcome to this edition of One2one podcasts. Today, I’m focussing on the medical sector, particularly nurses taking English exams.

There are two parts: the first will help you pronounce essential vocabulary you will need for an exam, and the second is a listening task to help you identify with spelling.

Good luck with the tasks, and remember, we help prepare you for the IELTS and CELPIP exams. The tasks featured in this podcast will help you with some of the tasks you will be expected to complete in both these exams.

Listen carefully to the following vocabulary:


The patient had a medical condition.


The nurse administered the vaccine.


The Doctor wanted a second opinion.


The hospital was only a 20-minute drive from the City centre.


Outpatient care is available at the clinic.


The patient underwent surgery for a cancerous growth.


Medication is only available on prescription.


A biopsy is needed before a diagnosis can be made.


Outpatients must go to the treatment centre between 8 am and 7 pm.

Medical record

The app provides a medical record for patients.


The wound needed to be cleaned before being assessed.


Intravenous medication acts faster because it flows directly through a vein.


A catheter is a tube inserted directly into the body to drain fluid or administer medication.


The patient was prescribed with a three-week rehabilitation program.

Palliative Care

Palliative care improves the quality of life for patients with serious illnesses.


The Piadiatric department looks after children who need treatment or care.

Nurse Listening Task

This Podcast is also available on Spotify:

This podcast is also available on Soundcloud:

This podcast is also available on YouTube:

In this next section, there is a short story. Listen carefully and answer the questions below:

Sally was a (1)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ at the Royal Cresent Hospital in London. She was involved in a car accident and underwent (2)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ on her left arm for a torn ligament. 

The (3)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ was very strong, and she was advised not to drive. Initially, her (4) _ _ _ _ _ _ prescribed an intravenous drug, but that was later changed to tablet form when she had a follow-up appointment at the (5) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ centre.

Susan Davis was Sally’s (6) _ _ _ _ _ and always updated her medical records at the end of each visit. Sally had fifteen stitches that were removed three weeks after surgery. The (7) _ _ _ _ _ was then cleaned and dressed. 

Read more: Nurse – Medical English Read More
Alternative Medicine - An Ethical Debate
Alternative Medicine – An Ethical Debate

Alternative medicine is a rapidly growing field that has gained significant popularity in recent years.

Alternative Medicine - An Ethical Debate

Alternative medicine is a rapidly growing field that has gained significant popularity in recent years. This conversation class explores the reasons behind the increasing adoption of alternative medicine, tracing its origins and providing examples supported by research. While conventional medicine continues to be the primary choice for many, alternative medicine offers unique approaches to healthcare that resonate with a growing number of individuals seeking holistic and personalised treatments.

The Origins

It encompasses a diverse range of practices and therapies that have roots in traditional healing systems from various cultures across the world. These healing systems, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurveda, and Indigenous Medicine, have been practiced for centuries and emphasise the interconnectedness of the mind, body, and spirit. Alternative medicine draws inspiration from these ancient traditions, integrating natural remedies, herbal medicines, mindfulness techniques, and energy-based therapies.

Reasons for the Popularity

Holistic Approach

Its popularity is down to its holistic approach to healthcare. Unlike conventional medicine, which often focuses solely on treating symptoms or specific ailments, alternative medicine addresses the individual as a whole. It recognises the intricate interplay between physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being, aiming to restore balance and promote overall health.

Personalisation and Patient Empowerment

Alternative medicine places a strong emphasis on personalised care and patient empowerment. It recognises that each individual is unique and tailors treatments accordingly. This personalised approach allows patients to actively participate in their own healing process, fostering a sense of empowerment and control over their health outcomes.

Natural and Non-Invasive Therapies

Another factor contributing to the popularity of alternative medicine is the preference for natural and non-invasive therapies. Many individuals are seeking alternatives to conventional treatments that often involve pharmaceutical drugs or invasive procedures. Alternative medicine offers a wide range of natural remedies, including herbal medicines, acupuncture, chiropractic care, massage therapy, and nutritional counselling, which are perceived as gentler, safer, and more sustainable options.

Research-backed Examples


Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of acupuncture in treating various conditions, including chronic pain, migraines, and postoperative nausea. For instance, a meta-analysis published in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that acupuncture significantly reduced chronic pain compared to sham acupuncture or no treatment.

Herbal Medicine

Research has shown the potential of herbal medicines in treating certain ailments. For example, St. John’s Wort has been found to be effective in alleviating symptoms of mild to moderate depression, as suggested by a systematic review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)

Mindfulness practices, such as MBSR, have gained recognition for their positive impact on mental well-being. Numerous studies have shown that MBSR can reduce stress, anxiety, and depression while improving overall quality of life. A randomised controlled trial published in JAMA Internal Medicine demonstrated that MBSR significantly reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with generalised anxiety disorder.

Popularity can be attributed to its holistic approach, personalised care, and preference for natural therapies. Origins in traditional healing systems and research-backed examples, such as acupuncture, herbal medicine, and mindfulness-based practices, provide evidence of its potential benefits. As individuals seek a more comprehensive and patient-centred approach to healthcare, alternative medicine continues to gain recognition as a valuable complement to conventional medicine.

Debate style questions
Part 1

  1. Should it be given the same level of recognition and funding as conventional medicine?
  2. Is the rise in popularity a result of dissatisfaction with the current healthcare system?
  3. Should practitioners be required to meet the same licensing and certification standards as conventional healthcare professionals?
  4. Is the placebo effect the primary reason behind the perceived effectiveness of alternative medicine?
  5. Does it offer a valid and reliable solution for chronic pain management?
  6. Should insurance companies cover these forms of treatment?
  7. Can it adequately address mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression?
  8. Is there sufficient scientific evidence to support the safety of alternative medicine practices?
  9. Should this form of medicine be integrated into mainstream healthcare, or should it remain separate and complementary?

Part 2

  1. Does the promotion of alternative medicine contribute to the spread of misinformation and pseudoscience?
  2. Is its use by celebrities and influencers perpetuating its popularity without proper scientific scrutiny?
  3. Can it effectively treat and prevent chronic diseases, such as cancer or cardiovascular conditions?
  4. Should it be subject to stricter regulations to ensure patient safety?
  5. Is the rise in popularity of alternative medicine a reflection of a cultural shift towards a more holistic and natural lifestyle?
  6. Does the incorporation of alternative medicine in healthcare reduce reliance on pharmaceutical drugs and their potential side effects?


For more information about; The Conversation Course, press this link.

Join us on Spotify – press here.

Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class
Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class

The Inheritance boom, post the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has witnessed a significant increase in wealth inequality.

Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class




THE Conversation


The Pandemic Consequences

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has witnessed a significant increase in wealth inequality. One of the contributing factors to this disparity is inheritance. As the balance between the rich and poor widens, we are witnessing the emergence of a prominent affluent middle class. This conversation class explores how inheritance in the post-COVID era has fuelled the rise of this wealthy middle class, who now display their newfound wealth by owning luxury cars, watches, and jewellery.

Inheritance Boom

Inheritance plays a substantial role in perpetuating wealth inequality. In post-COVID times, generational wealth transfer through inheritance has become more evident. The wealthy elite, who have accumulated vast fortunes, pass down their assets to their children, consolidating their financial status and widening the wealth gap. As a result, the middle class faces more economic prosperity.

Inheritance & The Emergence of the Affluent Middle Class 

With the accumulation of inherited wealth, a new segment of society is emerging—the affluent middle class. These individuals, once part of the traditional middle class, have now acquired substantial wealth through inheritance. This newfound affluence allows them to indulge in conspicuous consumption, displaying their wealth through luxury cars, watches, and jewellery.

Inheritance And Status

The possession of fancy cars has become a status symbol for the affluent middle class. Owning high-end vehicles not only signifies financial success but also serves as a means to differentiate themselves from the lower socio-economic strata. Similarly, luxury watches and jewellery ownership further solidifies their social standing and distinguishes them from the less affluent.

The Psychological Implications of Displaying Wealth

The ostentatious display of wealth by the affluent middle class reflects not merely their financial success but also psychological implications. In a society where material possessions are often equated with personal worth, the acquisition of luxury items becomes a means of validation and social acceptance. The display of wealth through fancy cars, watches, and jewellery is a way for the affluent middle class to signal their status and gain recognition from their peers.

Inheritance Boom And The Socio-economic Consequences 

The widening gap between the rich and poor, fuelled by inheritance, has far-reaching socio-economic consequences. As the affluent middle class displays their wealth, it creates aspirations and desires among the lower classes, leading to increased consumerism and a drive to attain similar status symbols. This perpetuates a cycle of materialism, where individuals strive for financial success and accumulate debt to acquire luxury items, further exacerbating the wealth gap.

The inheritance boom in the post-COVID era has significantly fuelled the rise of an affluent middle class. As the balance between the rich and poor continues to widen, displaying wealth through fancy cars, watches, and jewellery has become an emblem of this newfound affluence. However, the consequences of this growing wealth inequality are profound, as it perpetuates a cycle of materialism and consumerism, leaving the less affluent struggling to bridge the gap. Addressing this issue requires a comprehensive approach that addresses both the structural and psychological aspects of wealth distribution in society.

Inheritance Boom Conversation Questions

Part 1

1. Should inheritance be heavily taxed to reduce wealth inequality?

2. Is it fair for individuals to inherit vast sums of money without working for it?

3. Should there be a limit on how much wealth can be inherited?

4. Is inheritance a fundamental right or a privilege that perpetuates inequality?

5. Should inheritance laws be reformed to ensure a more equal distribution of wealth?

6. Is it ethical for parents to prioritise passing on their wealth to their children over charitable giving?

7. Should inheritance be abolished altogether to promote a more balanced society?

8. Is displaying wealth through luxury items an expression of personal freedom or a form of societal inequality?

9. Should governments implement stricter regulations on the transfer of assets through inheritance?

10. Is the rise of the affluent middle class through inheritance detrimental to social mobility?

Part 2

11. Should inheritance be used as a means of funding public services and social welfare programs?

12. Is the inheritance of wealth a form of privilege perpetuating social divisions?

13. Should individuals be required to work for a certain period before being entitled to inherit wealth?

14. Is the inheritance of wealth a justifiable reward for the success and achievements of previous generations?

15. Should inheritance be distributed equally among all descendants, regardless of their individual circumstances?

16. Is the accumulation of wealth through inheritance a form of intergenerational theft?

17. Should inheritance be subject to means-testing to ensure it is allocated to those in genuine need?

18. Is displaying wealth through luxury items a reflection of personal success or a shallow form of materialism?

19. Should inheritance laws prioritise the redistribution of wealth to address societal inequalities?

20. Is the inheritance of wealth a natural consequence of the right to private property or a systemic flaw in capitalism?

IELTS Writing Task 

Some people believe that the concept of inheriting money and assets passed down from another generation is fair. Others believe it widens the gap between the rich and poor within a generation. Write an essay to offer your opinion and provide examples from your experience.

Time allowed – 40 minutes.

Minimum word count – 250 words

Inheritance Boom Podcast Transcript

Part 1

Welcome to this One2one podcast on “The Inheritance Debate,” where we explore the controversial topic of inheritance and its impact on society. 

Inheritance, passing down money and assets from one generation to another, has always sparked intense discussions. On one side of the argument, some believe that inheritance is fair, emphasising the right to private property and the freedom to distribute wealth as one sees fit. They argue that individuals should be able to leave their hard-earned assets to their heirs, ensuring their family’s well-being and future success.

However, on the other side, critics argue that the inheritance boom deepens the divide between the rich and the poor. They claim that those born into wealth have a significant advantage in life, with access to better education, healthcare, and opportunities. This perpetuates a cycle of privilege, making it harder for individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their circumstances. Critics also point out that inheritance can lead to the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, creating a significant wealth gap within a generation.

Part 2

Nevertheless, I believe that the issue lies not in the concept of inheritance boom itself but in how society regulates and manages it. Implementing policies that address the potential negative consequences of inheritance is crucial, ensuring a fairer distribution of opportunities and resources.

For instance, governments can consider imposing higher inheritance taxes on larger estates. By doing so, the revenue generated can be used to fund programs that support social welfare, education, and healthcare. This would help mitigate the impact of inherited wealth on societal inequality, ensuring a more balanced distribution of resources.

Promoting policies focusing on equal opportunities for all individuals, regardless of their family background, can further reduce the gap between the rich and the poor. Investing in quality education, affordable housing, and healthcare can empower individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their socio-economic status, irrespective of their inheritance.

Part 3

In conclusion, the inheritance boom itself is not inherently unfair. Instead, it is the way in which it is managed by society that determines its impact on inequality. Striking a balance between the freedom to pass on wealth and the need for a more equitable society is crucial. Ultimately, a fair and just society is one that provides equal opportunities for all, regardless of inherited wealth.

Thank you for joining me on this episode of “The Inheritance Debate.” I hope it has provided you with valuable insights into this complex topic. Remember, the conversation continues beyond this podcast, so let’s keep exploring and striving for a society that is fair and just. This lesson plan is available on our website and is part of our signature conversation course.

Please remember to subscribe to our YouTube Channel and share to support us. Till next time, bye for now!

The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected
The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected

The younger generation. As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, they are exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world.

The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected

As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, young people are constantly exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world.

The Younger Generation

Modern-day lifestyles have a profound impact on the younger generation. As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, young people are constantly exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world. This constant exposure to technology and social media has shaped their lives in ways previous generations could not have imagined.

One of the most noticeable impacts of modern lifestyles on the younger generation is the increase in sedentary behaviour. With the rise of smartphones, tablets, and video games, physical activity has taken a backseat. Instead of engaging in outdoor activities and sports, many young people spend hours glued to screens, leading to a decrease in physical fitness and an increase in health problems such as obesity.

Stress And Anxiety

Moreover, the pressure to be constantly connected and engaged on social media platforms has created a new form of stress and anxiety for young people. They are exposed to a curated version of other people’s lives, often leading to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem. The constant need for validation through likes, comments, and followers has become a significant source of pressure and anxiety.

The fast-paced nature of modern life has also impacted the younger generation’s mental health. The constant demands of school, extracurricular activities, and social obligations leave little time for relaxation and self-care. Many young people struggle with high levels of stress, depression, and burnout as they try to keep up with the expectations placed upon them.

Information And Entertainment

Additionally, the instant availability of information and entertainment has led to shorter attention spans among young people. With the ability to access any information or entertainment at their fingertips, many find it challenging to focus on tasks that require sustained attention and effort. This can have a detrimental effect on their academic performance and overall ability to concentrate and engage in deep thinking.

So, modern-day lifestyles have undoubtedly impacted the younger generation in various ways. While technology has brought numerous benefits and opportunities, it has also led to negative consequences. Society must address these issues by promoting a healthy balance between technology use and real-world experiences and fostering open conversations about mental health and well-being.

The Younger Generation – Conversation Questions

  1. Is technology and social media causing more harm than good to the younger generation?
  2. How can we strike a balance between technology use and physical activity for young people?
  3. Should schools incorporate more physical education programs to combat sedentary behaviour among students?
  4. Does constant exposure to social media lead to increased levels of anxiety and depression in young people?
  5. What measures can be taken to promote positive body image and self-esteem in the face of societal pressures fueled by social media?
  6. Should parents limit their children’s screen time to protect their mental and physical health?
  7. Are young people today more socially isolated due to their reliance on technology?
  8. How can we educate young people about the potential dangers and risks associated with excessive technology use?
  9. Should schools implement mindfulness and stress management programs to support the mental health of young people?
  10. Is the pressure to achieve and excel in various aspects of life leading to increased stress and burnout among young people?

Conversation Questions – Part 2

  1. Should there be stricter regulations on the advertising and marketing practices targeting young people on social media?
  2. How can we encourage young people to engage in outdoor activities and develop a healthy lifestyle?
  3. What role should schools play in teaching digital citizenship and responsible technology use?
  4. Are young people today less capable of face-to-face communication and social skills due to their reliance on digital communication?
  5. Should there be age restrictions or guidelines for social media platforms to protect the well-being of young users?
  6. How can we promote a healthy body image and challenge unrealistic beauty standards perpetuated by social media?
  7. Is the constant comparison and competition on social media detrimental to the mental health of young people?
  8. What steps can be taken to address the mental health crisis among young people, exacerbated by the pressures of modern-day lifestyles?
  9. Should schools provide more resources and support for students struggling with mental health issues?
  10. How can we educate and empower young people to become critical consumers of media and technology?


An IELTS essay writing task on this topic.

In recent years, the rapid advancement of technology and the widespread use of social media have significantly influenced the lives of young people. Write an essay to discuss the positive and negative impacts of technology and social media on the younger generation. Where possible, provide examples from your own experience.

Write at least 250 words, and you should take no longer than 40 minutes to complete this task.

Remember to structure your essay with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use appropriate linking words and phrases to connect your ideas and support your arguments. Pay attention to grammar, vocabulary, and coherence. Remember to practice writing this essay within the time limit to improve your IELTS writing skills. Good luck!

Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches - A Native Sound
Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches – A Native Sound

The roles of a Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches are both crucial in supporting and facilitating the successful implementation of Agile methodologies within a team or organisation.

Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches - A Native Sound

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches

The roles of Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches are both crucial in supporting and facilitating the successful implementation of Agile methodologies within a team or organisation. While they share some similarities, they have distinct responsibilities:

Scrum Master:

Facilitates the Scrum process: The Scrum Master ensures that the Scrum framework is followed, facilitates the Scrum events (such as daily stand-ups, sprint planning, sprint reviews, and retrospectives), and helps the team stay focused and productive.

Removes obstacles

The Scrum Master identifies and removes any impediments or obstacles hindering the team’s progress, ensuring they can work efficiently and meet their goals.

Supports the team:

The Scrum Master serves as a servant leader to the team, providing guidance, coaching, and support. They foster a collaborative and self-organising environment where the team can thrive.

Promotes continuous improvement:

The Scrum Master encourages the team to improve their processes, practices, and teamwork continuously. They facilitate retrospectives to reflect on past iterations and identify areas for growth.

Acts as a liaison:

The Scrum Master is a liaison between the development team, product owner, and stakeholders, ensuring effective communication, alignment, and understanding.

Agile Coach:

The Agile Coach helps organisations, teams, and individuals transition to Agile methodologies, guiding them through the adoption process and ensuring a smooth transition.

Provides training and education:

The Agile Coach educates team members and stakeholders on Agile principles, practices, and frameworks. They provide training sessions, workshops, and guidance to help everyone understand and embrace Agile values.

Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches

Mentors and coaches:

The Agile Coach mentors and coaches individuals and teams, helping them improve their Agile practices, collaboration, and mindset. They provide guidance, feedback, and support to foster continuous learning and growth.

Facilitates collaboration:

The Agile Coach promotes collaboration, communication, and teamwork within the organisation. They facilitate workshops, meetings, and activities to encourage cross-functional collaboration and alignment.

Champions Agile values:

The Agile Coach advocates for Agile values and principles, promoting a culture of agility, adaptability, and continuous improvement throughout the organisation.

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches often use idioms to convey important concepts and principles memorably. Here are some idioms commonly used in the Agile community:

  1. “Inspect and Adapt” – This idiom emphasises the importance of continuously evaluating and adjusting processes and practices to improve outcomes.
  2. “Fail fast, fail forward” – This idiom encourages teams to embrace experimentation and learn from failures to iterate and improve.
  3. “Pigs and Chickens” – This idiom refers to the Scrum roles of “pigs” (team members who are committed and accountable) and “chickens” (stakeholders who are involved but not accountable). It reminds everyone of the importance of active participation and ownership.
  4. “Working software over comprehensive documentation” – This idiom highlights the Agile value of prioritising tangible results (working software) over extensive documentation.
  5. “One throat to choke” – This idiom emphasizes the importance of clear accountability and a single point of responsibility in the Agile team.
  6. “Shippable increment” – This idiom refers to the goal of delivering a potentially releasable and valuable product increment at the end of each iteration or sprint.
  7. “Rocks, pebbles, and sand” – This idiom is often used to illustrate the concept of prioritisation, where rocks represent important tasks, pebbles represent secondary tasks, and the sand represents less critical tasks.
  8. “Swarming” – This idiom describes the practice of the whole team collaborating on a single task or user story to ensure its completion.
  9. “YAGNI” (You Ain’t Gonna Need It) – This idiom reminds teams to avoid unnecessary complexity and to only build what is currently required instead of over-engineering for future possibilities.
  10. “Elephant in the room” – This idiom refers to a significant issue or problem that everyone is aware of but is avoiding or not addressing directly. Agile coaches may use this phrase to encourage open and honest communication about challenges.

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches may use phrasal verbs to communicate specific actions and behaviours within the Agile framework. Here are some phrasal verbs commonly used in the Agile community:

  1. “Break down” – This phrasal verb refers to the process of dividing larger tasks or user stories into smaller, manageable pieces for better planning and execution.
  2. “Bring up” – This phrasal verb means to raise or introduce a topic or issue during a team discussion or retrospective.
  3. “Call off” – This phrasal verb is used to cancel or stop a planned meeting, event, or activity.
  4. “Follow up” – This phrasal verb means to check or ensure that a task or action item has been completed or addressed.
  5. “Hold off” – This phrasal verb is used to delay or postpone a decision, action, or implementation until a later time.
  6. “Put off” – This phrasal verb means to postpone or delay a task or activity to a later date or time.
  7. “Take on” – This phrasal verb refers to accepting or assuming responsibility for a task, user story, or role.
  8. “Work through” – This phrasal verb means to systematically analyse, address, or resolve a problem, challenge, or issue.
  9. “Catch up” – This phrasal verb is used to indicate the need to get up to date or synchronise with the progress or information shared by the team.
  10. “Wrap up” – This phrasal verb means to complete or finish a task, meeting, or iteration. Here are some conversation questions on the topic of Agile coaching and Scrum mastering:
  11. How would you describe the role of an Agile coach and a Scrum Master? What are their primary responsibilities?
  12. Have you worked with Agile Coaches or Scrum Masters in the past? If so, what was your experience like?
  13. What do you think are the key qualities or skills that make a successful Agile coach or Scrum Master?
  14. How have Agile coaching and Scrum mastering impacted the way your team works and collaborates?
  15. Can you share any specific challenges your team has faced during the Agile transformation and how your Agile coach or Scrum Master helped overcome them?
  16. In your opinion, what is the most significant benefit of having an Agile coach or Scrum Master on the team?
  17. How do you think an Agile coach or Scrum Master can contribute to the professional growth and development of team members?
  18. Have you noticed any changes in team dynamics or team morale since implementing Agile practices? If so, how has an Agile coach or Scrum Master helped address them?
  19. What metrics or measurements do you think are essential to track the success and progress of Agile coaching and Scrum mastering?
  20. Are there any areas where you feel the Agile coach or Scrum Master could provide additional support or guidance to the team?

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches Questions

Questions you can ask during a 6-month review with an Agile coach and Scrum Master:

  1. How has the team’s understanding and adoption of Agile principles improved over the past six months?
  2. Can you provide examples of specific challenges the team has faced and how they were resolved using Agile methodologies?
  3. What improvements have been made regarding team collaboration, communication, and transparency?
  4. Have you seen any notable team productivity or efficiency changes since implementing Agile practices?
  5. How have you supported individual team member’s professional development and growth?
  6. What feedback have you received from team members regarding your coaching and facilitation style?
  7. Have there been any changes in the team’s overall satisfaction and morale since adopting Agile practices?
  8. What metrics or measurements have you used to track the team’s progress and success?
  9. Are there any areas where additional support or resources are needed to enhance the Agile transformation further?
  10. What goals or objectives do you have for the team in the next six months, and how do you plan to achieve them?
Restaurant Dining - The Versatility Of Modal Verbs
Restaurant Dining – The Versatility Of Modal Verbs

Restaurant Dining- A signature role-play task that puts you in the driving seat of learning. Reduce translation time with situational tasks.

Restaurant Dining - The Versatility Of Modal Verbs


Imagine you are a customer dining at a restaurant, and you need to interact with the waiter to place your order and ask for recommendations. Practice ordering food and drinks, asking about menu items, and inquiring about specials or dietary restrictions. Use polite phrases like “May I have…” and “Could you please recommend…” to engage in a natural and friendly conversation with the waiter. Focus on practising vocabulary related to food, beverages, and dining etiquette while role-playing this scenario. Enjoy the interactive experience of dining out in a role-play setting!



   – Soup

   – Salad

   – Spring rolls

   – Bruschetta

   – Garlic bread

Main Courses:

   – Chicken Parmesan

   – Beef stir-fry

   – Grilled salmon

   – Vegetarian lasagna

   – Pork ribs

Side Dishes:

   – Mashed potatoes

   – Steamed vegetables

   – French fries

   – Rice 

   – Coleslaw


   – Water

   – Soft drinks

   – Iced tea

   – Coffee

   – Hot chocolate


   – Chocolate cake

   – Cheesecake

   – Ice cream sundae

   – Fruit tart

   – Tiramisu

Restaurant Ordering Phrases

   – “I’ll have the…”

   – “Can I get a glass of water, please?”

   – “What do you recommend?”

   – “Is this dish spicy?”

   – “Could I have the bill, please?”


Modal verbs in English help convey various concepts such as possibility, necessity, permission, ability, and obligation. They add subtle differences to the meaning of a sentence and indicate the speaker’s attitude towards the action or situation described. For example:

– “Can” and “could” are used to talk about ability or possibility.

– “May” and “might” indicate permission or possibility.

– “Must” expresses a strong obligation or high probability.

– “Shall” is used for offers, suggestions, or future intentions.

– “Should” indicates advice, recommendation, or expectation.

– “Will” and “would” are used for future actions or hypothetical situations.

Using modal verbs appropriately, speakers can effectively convey their intended meaning and express slight differences in English beyond simple statements. These so-called variances can add empathetic value and are distinct characteristics.

Whether in a business setting, enjoying a relaxed meeting at a restaurant, moving country, or preparing for an exam, we need this essential vocabulary. 

Join One2one for this situational learning task that will accelerate your learning and give you a native English-speaking experience. 

This class is available as a one-off class or as part of the Business English Course. 

“Are you brave enough to try?”.

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Dictation Delight - Unlocking A Skill
Dictation Delight – Unlocking A Skill

Dictation is essential for students who are learning English as a second language.

Dictation Delight - Unlocking A Skill

This premium podcast is available on Spotify; listen to the sentences and write down what you hear. Answers are provided so that you can check your work.

Dictation is essential for students who are learning English as a second language for several reasons:

Improved Listening Skills

Dictation exercises require students to listen carefully and accurately transcribe spoken words or sentences. This helps them develop their listening skills, enabling them to understand and follow instructions more effectively.

Enhancing Spelling and Vocabulary

It helps students improve their spelling and vocabulary. By listening to words and sentences and writing them down, students become more familiar with correct spelling and usage of words in context.

Practice in Language Structure

Exercises often involve sentences that require proper grammar and sentence structure. Students practice dictation by reinforcing their understanding of sentence formation, punctuation, and sentence organisation.

Attention to Detail

Dictation exercises require students to pay close attention to details like word order, capitalisation, and punctuation. This helps them develop a keen eye for detail, which is important in various academic and professional contexts.

Memory and Recall

Dictation exercises challenge students’ memory and recall abilities. They have to remember the words or sentences they heard and accurately reproduce them in writing. This trains their memory and strengthens their ability to retain information.

Building Confidence

Regular practice of dictation can boost students’ confidence in their language skills. As they improve their listening and writing abilities, they gain more confidence in their overall language proficiency.

So, dictation is an effective tool for developing various language skills, including listening, spelling, vocabulary, grammar, attention to detail, memory, and confidence. It is especially beneficial for students as it engages both their auditory and written skills, helping them become more proficient in language learning.

*There is a subscription of £2.99/ Month which can be cancelled at any time. Available exclusively on Spotify. We offer unique learning materials for students who specifically need English for use in a work environment. These classes are designed for students who have limited time for classes but still want to continue learning. The price is based on 2 classes a month.

Gigantic Storage - The Business of Charging for Virtual Storage
Virtual Gigantic Storage – The Business of Charging

Virtual gigantic storage: Exploring how companies make money from virtual storage services and the factors contributing to their success.

In today’s digital age, the demand for virtual storage has skyrocketed. With the accumulation of vast amounts of personal and professional data, individuals and organisations are constantly seeking reliable and secure solutions to store their files.

Gigantic Storage - The Business of Charging for Virtual Storage

This increasing need has paved the way for companies to capitalise on the lucrative business of charging for virtual storage. In this article, we will explore how companies make money from virtual storage services and the factors contributing to their success.

Cloud Storage Revolution

Cloud storage has revolutionised the way we store and access data. Companies like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure have built massive infrastructures to cater to the storage needs of individuals and businesses alike. These companies offer scalable and flexible storage solutions, allowing users to pay for the storage they need, eliminating the need for physical storage devices.

Subscription-based Models

One of the primary ways companies make money from virtual storage is through subscription-based models. Companies can cater to users with varying storage requirements by offering tiered pricing plans. Subscribers pay a monthly or annual fee based on their chosen storage capacity. This predictable revenue stream allows companies to plan their investments and infrastructure expansions accordingly.

Additional Services and Features

Storage providers often offer additional services and features to differentiate themselves from competitors. These may include enhanced security measures, automatic backups, file syncing across devices, collaboration tools, and more. By bundling these value-added services, companies can charge higher prices for their storage offerings, increasing their revenue streams.

Virtual Enterprise Solutions

Large enterprises generate substantial data volumes that require robust storage solutions. Companies specialising in enterprise storage offer tailored services with advanced security, compliance, and scalability features. By catering to the specific needs of businesses, these providers can command higher prices, resulting in significant revenue generation.

Cross-selling and Upselling

Virtual storage providers often use cross-selling and upselling techniques to increase their revenue. For example, a company may offer a basic storage plan but also provide options to upgrade to more extensive storage, premium support, or additional features. This strategy increases customer loyalty and generates additional income for the company.

Data Analytics and Insights

With the massive amount of data stored in virtual storage, companies can leverage data analytics to provide valuable insights to their customers. Storage providers can help businesses make informed decisions and optimise their operations by offering analytic tools and services. This value-added service can be monetised, contributing to the company’s revenue stream.

Virtual Race

The business of charging for virtual storage has become a thriving industry, fuelled by the increasing demand for secure and scalable data storage solutions. Through subscription-based models, additional services, enterprise solutions, cross-selling, and data analytics, companies are capitalising on the need for virtual storage and generating significant revenue. As the reliance on digital data continues to grow, the virtual storage market is expected to expand further, creating new opportunities for companies to profit from this essential service.

An Endless Income Stream

We have all contemplated whether or not to buy storage and which provider to use. Considering the overwhelming sea of consumer options, it’s not an easy choice. 

Some of the most prominent players had the foresight to understand user’s needs and how those needs would eventually yield an income.

Moving data between those players was something of an art to dodge the commitment of paying and somehow feel that you were winning. Sadly, for the better part, this game had to end. 


Loyalty is the operative word. Sticking to a brand is the new norm, and once you have succumbed to that concept, there is little or no chance of moving. 


Clicking our way to the hall of social media fame, we click away with no regard for where those duplicates end up. There are numerous apps to help reduce this phenomenon, but many of us pay little or no regard. 

Conversation Questions – Part 1

1. Is charging for virtual storage justified, considering that data storage is necessary in today’s digital world?

2. Should companies offer unlimited storage plans, or is it fair to charge users based on their required storage amount?

3. Are virtual storage providers transparent about their pricing structures and potential hidden costs?

4. Do virtual storage providers prioritise data security and privacy adequately, considering the sensitive nature of the stored information?

5. Should governments regulate the pricing of virtual storage to prevent companies from overcharging users?

6. Are subscription-based models for virtual storage fair, or should users have the option to pay for storage on a per-usage basis?

7. Should virtual storage providers offer free storage options, even if it means limiting the storage capacity for users?

8. Is the cost of virtual storage reasonable, or do companies take advantage of the growing demand to inflate prices?

9. Should virtual storage providers be responsible for backing up users’ data regularly, or is it ultimately the user’s responsibility?

10. Should virtual storage providers offer different pricing plans based on the user’s geographical location, considering the disparities in income levels?

Conversation Questions – Part 2

11. Are virtual storage providers doing enough to educate users about the importance of data management and the potential risks associated with storing data online?

12. Should virtual storage providers be required to disclose their data retention policies, including how long they keep users’ data after an account is closed?

13. Is it ethical for virtual storage providers to sell users’ data to third parties for advertising or other purposes?

14. Should virtual storage providers be held liable for any data breaches or losses due to their negligence?

15. Are virtual storage providers doing enough to minimise their environmental impact, considering the energy consumption of data centres?

16. Should governments provide subsidies or tax incentives to companies that offer affordable virtual storage options for individuals and small businesses?

17. Should virtual storage providers offer discounts or unique plans for students, non-profit organisations, or low-income individuals?

18. Is it fair for virtual storage providers to limit the upload and download speeds for users with lower-priced plans, prioritising higher-paying customers?

19. Should virtual storage providers be required to offer data migration services, making it easier for users to switch between different providers?

20. Is the reliance on storage creating a digital divide, with some individuals and communities being left behind due to limited access or affordability issues?

Essay Writing Task

This essay should be approximately 250-300 words in length.

Remember to plan your essay before you start writing and provide a clear and structured response to the topic. Good luck!

If you want to know more about our IELTS preparation course, please visit our website,

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The IELTS Preparation Course

Travel Talk – Mastering the way from A to B

Travel is often included in the IELTS speaking exam because it allows test-takers to demonstrate their ability to speak fluently, express their ideas clearly, and use a wide range of vocabulary and grammar structures. 

Travel is often included in the IELTS speaking exam because it allows test-takers to demonstrate their ability to speak fluently

Discussing travel-related topics can help assess a candidate’s ability to engage in a conversation, share personal experiences, and provide opinions and reasons.

Travel is often included in the IELTS speaking exam because it allows test-takers to demonstrate their ability to speak fluently, express their ideas clearly, and use a wide range of vocabulary and grammar structures. Additionally, discussing travel-related topics can help assess a candidate’s ability to engage in a conversation, share personal experiences, and provide opinions and reasons.

The IELTS Exam

The IELTS speaking exam assesses a candidate’s overall speaking ability and language proficiency. By including travel as a topic, examiners can evaluate various language skills such as:

1. Fluency and coherence: Candidates are expected to speak at length and maintain a smooth flow of speech while organising their ideas logically.

2. Vocabulary: Discussing travel requires a range of vocabulary related to destinations, modes of transportation, accommodations, activities, and more. Test-takers are encouraged to use a wide range of words and phrases accurately and appropriately.


3. Grammar and sentence structure: The topic of travel provides opportunities for candidates to demonstrate their knowledge of different tenses, sentence structures, and grammatical forms, such as using conditionals, comparatives, and superlatives.

4. Pronunciation and intonation: Speaking about travel allows candidates to showcase their ability to pronounce words and phrases clearly and use appropriate intonation to convey meaning effectively.

5. Giving opinions and reasons: Candidates can express their preferences, share personal experiences, and provide reasons and justifications for their opinions, which demonstrates their ability to express themselves in a coherent and persuasive manner.

Overall, the topic of travel is important for the IELTS speaking exam as it provides a versatile context for candidates to showcase their language skills and communicate effectively in English. It allows examiners to assess a wide range of speaking abilities, making it an integral part of the exam.

Travel Questions Part 1

1. Do you enjoy travelling? Why or why not?

2. Where is your favourite place to visit? Why?

3. Have you ever travelled abroad? If so, where did you go, and what did you do there?

4. What are the benefits of travelling?

5. Do you prefer to travel alone or with others? Why?

6. How do you usually plan your trips?

7. What do you think is the best mode of transportation for travelling long distances? Why?

8. What are some famous tourist attractions in your country?

9. How do you think travel has changed in recent years?

10. Are there any places you would like to visit in the future? Why?

Travel Questions Part 2

11. What do you enjoy most about travelling?

12. Have you ever had any negative experiences while travelling? If so, what happened?

13. How can travel contribute to personal growth and development?

14. What is your opinion on sustainable travel and eco-tourism?

15. Can you describe a memorable travel experience you’ve had?

16. What are some important factors to consider when choosing a travel destination?

17. How do you think social media has influenced travel behaviour and decision-making?

18. What are some challenges that travellers may face when visiting a foreign country?

19. Do you think it’s important to learn about the local culture and customs before travelling to a new country? Why?

20. What advice would you give to someone who is planning their first international trip?

IELTS Essay Writing Task

In many countries, young people are choosing to travel and explore the world instead of starting university immediately after high school. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this trend. Give your opinion and support it with examples.


1. Familiarise yourself with the format: The IELTS Speaking exam consists of a face-to-face conversation with an examiner. It is divided into three parts: Introduction and Interview, Individual Long Turn, and Discussion. Understand the requirements and expectations for each part.

2. Expand your vocabulary: Work on improving your vocabulary by reading books, newspapers, and magazines. Make a list of new words and practice using them in sentences. This will help you express yourself more effectively during the speaking exam.

3. Practice speaking English regularly: Find opportunities to practice speaking English in your daily life. Engage in conversations with native speakers or join language exchange programs. The more you speak, the more comfortable you will become with expressing your thoughts and ideas.

4. Listen to and imitate native speakers: Listen to recordings of native English speakers and try to imitate their pronunciation, intonation, and rhythm. This will help you improve your speaking fluency and accuracy.


5. Prepare for common topics: Familiarise yourself with common topics that often come up in the IELTS Speaking exam, such as hobbies, family, work, travel, and education. Practice speaking about these topics and develop your ideas and opinions.

6. Use a variety of sentence structures: Demonstrate your language skills by using a variety of sentence structures. Practice using different tenses, conditionals, and complex sentence constructions. This will showcase your ability to express yourself accurately and clearly.

7. Be confident and relaxed: Relax and be confident during the exam. Remember that the examiner is there to assess your English language skills, not to judge you personally. Take deep breaths, speak clearly, and maintain eye contact with the examiner.

8. Practice time management: Pay attention to the time limits for each part of the speaking exam. Practice answering questions within the given time frame to ensure that you complete all parts of the exam.

9. Seek feedback and practice speaking with a partner: Practice speaking with a study partner or find a teacher who can provide you with feedback on your performance. They can help you identify areas for improvement and give you tips on how to enhance your speaking skills.

10. Stay updated with current affairs: Read news articles and stay informed about current events. This will help you develop opinions on a wide range of topics, which can be useful during the discussion part of the speaking exam.

Remember, practice is key! The more you practice speaking English, the more confident you will become.

Express Yourself

In the IELTS test, there are several popular forms that you can use to express your opinion effectively. Here are some common ones:

1. Using “I think” or “In my opinion”: These phrases are straightforward ways to express your personal viewpoint. For example, “I think that climate change is a pressing issue that requires immediate action.”

2. Using “I believe” or “I strongly believe”: These phrases convey a stronger conviction in your opinion. For example, “I strongly believe that education should be accessible to all, regardless of socioeconomic status.”

3. Using “It is widely believed that”: This phrase is useful when you want to refer to a commonly held belief or opinion. For example, “It is widely believed that technology has revolutionised the way we communicate.”


4. Using “From my perspective” or “From my point of view”: These phrases indicate that you are expressing your opinion based on your own personal experiences or understanding. For example, “From my perspective, travelling broadens one’s horizons and enhances cultural understanding.”

5. Using “It is evident that” or “It is clear that”: These phrases help to emphasise that your opinion is supported by strong evidence or facts. For example, “It is evident that excessive use of social media can have negative effects on mental health.”

6. Using comparative phrases: These phrases are useful when you want to compare two or more options or ideas. For example, “In my opinion, online learning is more convenient than traditional classroom learning.”

7. Using conditional statements: These statements are helpful when expressing opinions that are dependent on certain conditions. For example, “If governments invest more in renewable energy, we can mitigate the effects of climate change.”

8. Using persuasive language: To strengthen your opinion, you can use persuasive language techniques such as “It is crucial that,” “We must,” or “It is imperative to.” For example, “It is crucial that governments take immediate action to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change.”

Remember to support your opinion with relevant examples, facts, or personal experiences to make your argument more compelling. Additionally, using a variety of opinion expressions will showcase your language skills and help you score well in the IELTS test.


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