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Nurse - Medical English
Nurse – Medical English

Medical English Nurse is a medical English podcast for nurses who are studying for an IELTS or CELPIP exam.


Nurse - Medical English

Nurse Medical English podcast

Nurse Podcast Transcription

Hello, and welcome to this edition of One2one podcasts. Today, I’m focussing on the medical sector, particularly nurses taking English exams.

There are two parts: the first will help you pronounce essential vocabulary you will need for an exam, and the second is a listening task to help you identify with spelling.

Good luck with the tasks, and remember, we help prepare you for the IELTS and CELPIP exams. The tasks featured in this podcast will help you with some of the tasks you will be expected to complete in both these exams.

Listen carefully to the following vocabulary:

Patient 

The patient had a medical condition.

Nurse

The nurse administered the vaccine.

Doctor 

The Doctor wanted a second opinion.

Hospital 

The hospital was only a 20-minute drive from the City centre.

Clinic

Outpatient care is available at the clinic.

Surgery

The patient underwent surgery for a cancerous growth.

Medication

Medication is only available on prescription.

Diagnosis

A biopsy is needed before a diagnosis can be made.

Treatment

Outpatients must go to the treatment centre between 8 am and 7 pm.

Medical record

The app provides a medical record for patients.

Wound

The wound needed to be cleaned before being assessed.

Intravenous 

Intravenous medication acts faster because it flows directly through a vein.

Catheter

A catheter is a tube inserted directly into the body to drain fluid or administer medication.

Rehabilitation 

The patient was prescribed with a three-week rehabilitation program.

Palliative Care

Palliative care improves the quality of life for patients with serious illnesses.

Pediatric 

The Piadiatric department looks after children who need treatment or care.

Nurse Listening Task

This Podcast is also available on Spotify:

This podcast is also available on Soundcloud:

This podcast is also available on YouTube:

In this next section, there is a short story. Listen carefully and answer the questions below:

Sally was a (1)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ at the Royal Cresent Hospital in London. She was involved in a car accident and underwent (2)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ on her left arm for a torn ligament. 

The (3)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ was very strong, and she was advised not to drive. Initially, her (4) _ _ _ _ _ _ prescribed an intravenous drug, but that was later changed to tablet form when she had a follow-up appointment at the (5) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ centre.

Susan Davis was Sally’s (6) _ _ _ _ _ and always updated her medical records at the end of each visit. Sally had fifteen stitches that were removed three weeks after surgery. The (7) _ _ _ _ _ was then cleaned and dressed. 

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Alternative Medicine - An Ethical Debate
Alternative Medicine – An Ethical Debate

Alternative medicine is a rapidly growing field that has gained significant popularity in recent years.


Alternative Medicine - An Ethical Debate

Alternative medicine is a rapidly growing field that has gained significant popularity in recent years. This conversation class explores the reasons behind the increasing adoption of alternative medicine, tracing its origins and providing examples supported by research. While conventional medicine continues to be the primary choice for many, alternative medicine offers unique approaches to healthcare that resonate with a growing number of individuals seeking holistic and personalised treatments.

The Origins

It encompasses a diverse range of practices and therapies that have roots in traditional healing systems from various cultures across the world. These healing systems, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurveda, and Indigenous Medicine, have been practiced for centuries and emphasise the interconnectedness of the mind, body, and spirit. Alternative medicine draws inspiration from these ancient traditions, integrating natural remedies, herbal medicines, mindfulness techniques, and energy-based therapies.

Reasons for the Popularity

Holistic Approach


Its popularity is down to its holistic approach to healthcare. Unlike conventional medicine, which often focuses solely on treating symptoms or specific ailments, alternative medicine addresses the individual as a whole. It recognises the intricate interplay between physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being, aiming to restore balance and promote overall health.

Personalisation and Patient Empowerment

Alternative medicine places a strong emphasis on personalised care and patient empowerment. It recognises that each individual is unique and tailors treatments accordingly. This personalised approach allows patients to actively participate in their own healing process, fostering a sense of empowerment and control over their health outcomes.

Natural and Non-Invasive Therapies

Another factor contributing to the popularity of alternative medicine is the preference for natural and non-invasive therapies. Many individuals are seeking alternatives to conventional treatments that often involve pharmaceutical drugs or invasive procedures. Alternative medicine offers a wide range of natural remedies, including herbal medicines, acupuncture, chiropractic care, massage therapy, and nutritional counselling, which are perceived as gentler, safer, and more sustainable options.

Research-backed Examples

Acupuncture

Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of acupuncture in treating various conditions, including chronic pain, migraines, and postoperative nausea. For instance, a meta-analysis published in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that acupuncture significantly reduced chronic pain compared to sham acupuncture or no treatment.

Herbal Medicine

Research has shown the potential of herbal medicines in treating certain ailments. For example, St. John’s Wort has been found to be effective in alleviating symptoms of mild to moderate depression, as suggested by a systematic review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)

Mindfulness practices, such as MBSR, have gained recognition for their positive impact on mental well-being. Numerous studies have shown that MBSR can reduce stress, anxiety, and depression while improving overall quality of life. A randomised controlled trial published in JAMA Internal Medicine demonstrated that MBSR significantly reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with generalised anxiety disorder.

Popularity can be attributed to its holistic approach, personalised care, and preference for natural therapies. Origins in traditional healing systems and research-backed examples, such as acupuncture, herbal medicine, and mindfulness-based practices, provide evidence of its potential benefits. As individuals seek a more comprehensive and patient-centred approach to healthcare, alternative medicine continues to gain recognition as a valuable complement to conventional medicine.

Debate style questions
Part 1

  1. Should it be given the same level of recognition and funding as conventional medicine?
  2. Is the rise in popularity a result of dissatisfaction with the current healthcare system?
  3. Should practitioners be required to meet the same licensing and certification standards as conventional healthcare professionals?
  4. Is the placebo effect the primary reason behind the perceived effectiveness of alternative medicine?
  5. Does it offer a valid and reliable solution for chronic pain management?
  6. Should insurance companies cover these forms of treatment?
  7. Can it adequately address mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression?
  8. Is there sufficient scientific evidence to support the safety of alternative medicine practices?
  9. Should this form of medicine be integrated into mainstream healthcare, or should it remain separate and complementary?

Part 2

  1. Does the promotion of alternative medicine contribute to the spread of misinformation and pseudoscience?
  2. Is its use by celebrities and influencers perpetuating its popularity without proper scientific scrutiny?
  3. Can it effectively treat and prevent chronic diseases, such as cancer or cardiovascular conditions?
  4. Should it be subject to stricter regulations to ensure patient safety?
  5. Is the rise in popularity of alternative medicine a reflection of a cultural shift towards a more holistic and natural lifestyle?
  6. Does the incorporation of alternative medicine in healthcare reduce reliance on pharmaceutical drugs and their potential side effects?

IELTS

For more information about; The Conversation Course, press this link.

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Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class
Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class

The Inheritance boom, post the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has witnessed a significant increase in wealth inequality.


Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class

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The Pandemic Consequences

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has witnessed a significant increase in wealth inequality. One of the contributing factors to this disparity is inheritance. As the balance between the rich and poor widens, we are witnessing the emergence of a prominent affluent middle class. This conversation class explores how inheritance in the post-COVID era has fuelled the rise of this wealthy middle class, who now display their newfound wealth by owning luxury cars, watches, and jewellery.

Inheritance Boom

Inheritance plays a substantial role in perpetuating wealth inequality. In post-COVID times, generational wealth transfer through inheritance has become more evident. The wealthy elite, who have accumulated vast fortunes, pass down their assets to their children, consolidating their financial status and widening the wealth gap. As a result, the middle class faces more economic prosperity.

Inheritance & The Emergence of the Affluent Middle Class 

With the accumulation of inherited wealth, a new segment of society is emerging—the affluent middle class. These individuals, once part of the traditional middle class, have now acquired substantial wealth through inheritance. This newfound affluence allows them to indulge in conspicuous consumption, displaying their wealth through luxury cars, watches, and jewellery.

Inheritance And Status

The possession of fancy cars has become a status symbol for the affluent middle class. Owning high-end vehicles not only signifies financial success but also serves as a means to differentiate themselves from the lower socio-economic strata. Similarly, luxury watches and jewellery ownership further solidifies their social standing and distinguishes them from the less affluent.

The Psychological Implications of Displaying Wealth

The ostentatious display of wealth by the affluent middle class reflects not merely their financial success but also psychological implications. In a society where material possessions are often equated with personal worth, the acquisition of luxury items becomes a means of validation and social acceptance. The display of wealth through fancy cars, watches, and jewellery is a way for the affluent middle class to signal their status and gain recognition from their peers.

Inheritance Boom And The Socio-economic Consequences 

The widening gap between the rich and poor, fuelled by inheritance, has far-reaching socio-economic consequences. As the affluent middle class displays their wealth, it creates aspirations and desires among the lower classes, leading to increased consumerism and a drive to attain similar status symbols. This perpetuates a cycle of materialism, where individuals strive for financial success and accumulate debt to acquire luxury items, further exacerbating the wealth gap.

The inheritance boom in the post-COVID era has significantly fuelled the rise of an affluent middle class. As the balance between the rich and poor continues to widen, displaying wealth through fancy cars, watches, and jewellery has become an emblem of this newfound affluence. However, the consequences of this growing wealth inequality are profound, as it perpetuates a cycle of materialism and consumerism, leaving the less affluent struggling to bridge the gap. Addressing this issue requires a comprehensive approach that addresses both the structural and psychological aspects of wealth distribution in society.

Inheritance Boom Conversation Questions

Part 1

1. Should inheritance be heavily taxed to reduce wealth inequality?

2. Is it fair for individuals to inherit vast sums of money without working for it?

3. Should there be a limit on how much wealth can be inherited?

4. Is inheritance a fundamental right or a privilege that perpetuates inequality?

5. Should inheritance laws be reformed to ensure a more equal distribution of wealth?

6. Is it ethical for parents to prioritise passing on their wealth to their children over charitable giving?

7. Should inheritance be abolished altogether to promote a more balanced society?

8. Is displaying wealth through luxury items an expression of personal freedom or a form of societal inequality?

9. Should governments implement stricter regulations on the transfer of assets through inheritance?

10. Is the rise of the affluent middle class through inheritance detrimental to social mobility?

Part 2

11. Should inheritance be used as a means of funding public services and social welfare programs?

12. Is the inheritance of wealth a form of privilege perpetuating social divisions?

13. Should individuals be required to work for a certain period before being entitled to inherit wealth?

14. Is the inheritance of wealth a justifiable reward for the success and achievements of previous generations?

15. Should inheritance be distributed equally among all descendants, regardless of their individual circumstances?

16. Is the accumulation of wealth through inheritance a form of intergenerational theft?

17. Should inheritance be subject to means-testing to ensure it is allocated to those in genuine need?

18. Is displaying wealth through luxury items a reflection of personal success or a shallow form of materialism?

19. Should inheritance laws prioritise the redistribution of wealth to address societal inequalities?

20. Is the inheritance of wealth a natural consequence of the right to private property or a systemic flaw in capitalism?

IELTS Writing Task 

Some people believe that the concept of inheriting money and assets passed down from another generation is fair. Others believe it widens the gap between the rich and poor within a generation. Write an essay to offer your opinion and provide examples from your experience.

Time allowed – 40 minutes.

Minimum word count – 250 words

Inheritance Boom Podcast Transcript

Part 1

Welcome to this One2one podcast on “The Inheritance Debate,” where we explore the controversial topic of inheritance and its impact on society. 

Inheritance, passing down money and assets from one generation to another, has always sparked intense discussions. On one side of the argument, some believe that inheritance is fair, emphasising the right to private property and the freedom to distribute wealth as one sees fit. They argue that individuals should be able to leave their hard-earned assets to their heirs, ensuring their family’s well-being and future success.

However, on the other side, critics argue that the inheritance boom deepens the divide between the rich and the poor. They claim that those born into wealth have a significant advantage in life, with access to better education, healthcare, and opportunities. This perpetuates a cycle of privilege, making it harder for individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their circumstances. Critics also point out that inheritance can lead to the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, creating a significant wealth gap within a generation.

Part 2

Nevertheless, I believe that the issue lies not in the concept of inheritance boom itself but in how society regulates and manages it. Implementing policies that address the potential negative consequences of inheritance is crucial, ensuring a fairer distribution of opportunities and resources.

For instance, governments can consider imposing higher inheritance taxes on larger estates. By doing so, the revenue generated can be used to fund programs that support social welfare, education, and healthcare. This would help mitigate the impact of inherited wealth on societal inequality, ensuring a more balanced distribution of resources.

Promoting policies focusing on equal opportunities for all individuals, regardless of their family background, can further reduce the gap between the rich and the poor. Investing in quality education, affordable housing, and healthcare can empower individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their socio-economic status, irrespective of their inheritance.

Part 3

In conclusion, the inheritance boom itself is not inherently unfair. Instead, it is the way in which it is managed by society that determines its impact on inequality. Striking a balance between the freedom to pass on wealth and the need for a more equitable society is crucial. Ultimately, a fair and just society is one that provides equal opportunities for all, regardless of inherited wealth.

Thank you for joining me on this episode of “The Inheritance Debate.” I hope it has provided you with valuable insights into this complex topic. Remember, the conversation continues beyond this podcast, so let’s keep exploring and striving for a society that is fair and just. This lesson plan is available on our website and is part of our signature conversation course.

Please remember to subscribe to our YouTube Channel and share to support us. Till next time, bye for now!

The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected
The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected

The younger generation. As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, they are exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world.


The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected

As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, young people are constantly exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world.

The Younger Generation

Modern-day lifestyles have a profound impact on the younger generation. As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, young people are constantly exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world. This constant exposure to technology and social media has shaped their lives in ways previous generations could not have imagined.

One of the most noticeable impacts of modern lifestyles on the younger generation is the increase in sedentary behaviour. With the rise of smartphones, tablets, and video games, physical activity has taken a backseat. Instead of engaging in outdoor activities and sports, many young people spend hours glued to screens, leading to a decrease in physical fitness and an increase in health problems such as obesity.

Stress And Anxiety

Moreover, the pressure to be constantly connected and engaged on social media platforms has created a new form of stress and anxiety for young people. They are exposed to a curated version of other people’s lives, often leading to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem. The constant need for validation through likes, comments, and followers has become a significant source of pressure and anxiety.

The fast-paced nature of modern life has also impacted the younger generation’s mental health. The constant demands of school, extracurricular activities, and social obligations leave little time for relaxation and self-care. Many young people struggle with high levels of stress, depression, and burnout as they try to keep up with the expectations placed upon them.

Information And Entertainment

Additionally, the instant availability of information and entertainment has led to shorter attention spans among young people. With the ability to access any information or entertainment at their fingertips, many find it challenging to focus on tasks that require sustained attention and effort. This can have a detrimental effect on their academic performance and overall ability to concentrate and engage in deep thinking.

So, modern-day lifestyles have undoubtedly impacted the younger generation in various ways. While technology has brought numerous benefits and opportunities, it has also led to negative consequences. Society must address these issues by promoting a healthy balance between technology use and real-world experiences and fostering open conversations about mental health and well-being.

The Younger Generation – Conversation Questions

  1. Is technology and social media causing more harm than good to the younger generation?
  2. How can we strike a balance between technology use and physical activity for young people?
  3. Should schools incorporate more physical education programs to combat sedentary behaviour among students?
  4. Does constant exposure to social media lead to increased levels of anxiety and depression in young people?
  5. What measures can be taken to promote positive body image and self-esteem in the face of societal pressures fueled by social media?
  6. Should parents limit their children’s screen time to protect their mental and physical health?
  7. Are young people today more socially isolated due to their reliance on technology?
  8. How can we educate young people about the potential dangers and risks associated with excessive technology use?
  9. Should schools implement mindfulness and stress management programs to support the mental health of young people?
  10. Is the pressure to achieve and excel in various aspects of life leading to increased stress and burnout among young people?

Conversation Questions – Part 2

  1. Should there be stricter regulations on the advertising and marketing practices targeting young people on social media?
  2. How can we encourage young people to engage in outdoor activities and develop a healthy lifestyle?
  3. What role should schools play in teaching digital citizenship and responsible technology use?
  4. Are young people today less capable of face-to-face communication and social skills due to their reliance on digital communication?
  5. Should there be age restrictions or guidelines for social media platforms to protect the well-being of young users?
  6. How can we promote a healthy body image and challenge unrealistic beauty standards perpetuated by social media?
  7. Is the constant comparison and competition on social media detrimental to the mental health of young people?
  8. What steps can be taken to address the mental health crisis among young people, exacerbated by the pressures of modern-day lifestyles?
  9. Should schools provide more resources and support for students struggling with mental health issues?
  10. How can we educate and empower young people to become critical consumers of media and technology?

IELTS

An IELTS essay writing task on this topic.

Task:
In recent years, the rapid advancement of technology and the widespread use of social media have significantly influenced the lives of young people. Write an essay to discuss the positive and negative impacts of technology and social media on the younger generation. Where possible, provide examples from your own experience.

Write at least 250 words, and you should take no longer than 40 minutes to complete this task.

Remember to structure your essay with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use appropriate linking words and phrases to connect your ideas and support your arguments. Pay attention to grammar, vocabulary, and coherence. Remember to practice writing this essay within the time limit to improve your IELTS writing skills. Good luck!