National Army Subscription - A Sign Of The Times
National Army Subscription – A Sign Of The Times

The debate about national army subscription concerns implementing compulsory military service or conscription in a country.

National Army Subscription - A Sign Of The Times


National Army Subscription

The debate about national army subscription concerns implementing compulsory military service or conscription in a country. This debate typically involves weighing the benefits and drawbacks of requiring citizens to serve in the armed forces for a certain period of time.

Supporters of national army subscription argue that it promotes national defence, fosters a sense of duty and patriotism among citizens, and provides valuable training and discipline. They believe mandatory military service helps build a solid and capable defence force, ensures a fair distribution of national security burden, and enhances social cohesion.



On the other hand, opponents of national army subscription raise concerns about individual freedoms and personal choice. They argue that forcing individuals to serve in the military goes against the principles of liberty and autonomy. They also highlight potential social and economic disruptions caused by conscription, such as disrupting education or career plans and negatively impacting the labour market.

The specific arguments and perspectives on national army subscription can vary depending on the country and its unique circumstances. Ultimately, the debate revolves around finding a balance between national security needs and individual rights and freedoms.


Conversation Questions – Part 1

1. Is it necessary in today’s modern warfare landscape?

2. Should it be implemented as a mandatory requirement for all citizens?

3. Does it promote a stronger sense of patriotism and national identity?

4. What are the potential economic implications of implementing a national army subscription?

5. Should individuals have the right to choose whether or not to serve in the military?

6. Does it unfairly burden certain sections of society, such as lower-income individuals or marginalised communities?

7. How does it impact gender equality in the military?

8. Should there be alternative forms, such as community service, instead of mandatory military service?

9. How does it affect the education and career prospects of young individuals?

10. Does it enhance or hinder social cohesion within a country?

Conversation Questions – Part 2

10. Does it enhance or hinder social cohesion within a country?

11. Should the duration of national army subscription be the same for all citizens, or should it vary based on specific circumstances?

12. How does it impact mental health and well-being?

13. Does it ensure a more prepared and capable defence force in times of crisis?

14. Should exemptions or deferments exist for specific individuals, such as conscientious objectors or those with medical conditions?

15. How does it impact the relationship between the military and civilian society?

16. Should incentives or benefits be provided to individuals who serve in the military through national army subscription?

17. What measures can be taken to minimise the potential adverse effects on individuals’ lives?

18. Does it promote discipline and character development in young individuals?

19. Should it be tailored to address specific national security challenges and needs?

20. How does it compare to volunteer-based military recruitment regarding effectiveness and efficiency?

If you are preparing for an IELTS exam, please complete the following essay writing task for homework. 

Supporters of national army subscription argue that it promotes national defence, fosters a sense of duty and patriotism among citizens, and provides valuable training and discipline. Those who oppose this concept believe that it has adverse effects on society. 

Write an essay to provide your opinion. The time allowed to complete this task is at most forty minutes. You must write a minimum of 250 words. Corrections and a score will be provided at the beginning of your next class.

Alternative Medicine - An Ethical Debate
Alternative Medicine – An Ethical Debate

Alternative medicine is a rapidly growing field that has gained significant popularity in recent years.

Alternative Medicine - An Ethical Debate

Alternative medicine is a rapidly growing field that has gained significant popularity in recent years. This conversation class explores the reasons behind the increasing adoption of alternative medicine, tracing its origins and providing examples supported by research. While conventional medicine continues to be the primary choice for many, alternative medicine offers unique approaches to healthcare that resonate with a growing number of individuals seeking holistic and personalised treatments.

The Origins

It encompasses a diverse range of practices and therapies that have roots in traditional healing systems from various cultures across the world. These healing systems, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurveda, and Indigenous Medicine, have been practiced for centuries and emphasise the interconnectedness of the mind, body, and spirit. Alternative medicine draws inspiration from these ancient traditions, integrating natural remedies, herbal medicines, mindfulness techniques, and energy-based therapies.

Reasons for the Popularity

Holistic Approach

Its popularity is down to its holistic approach to healthcare. Unlike conventional medicine, which often focuses solely on treating symptoms or specific ailments, alternative medicine addresses the individual as a whole. It recognises the intricate interplay between physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being, aiming to restore balance and promote overall health.

Personalisation and Patient Empowerment

Alternative medicine places a strong emphasis on personalised care and patient empowerment. It recognises that each individual is unique and tailors treatments accordingly. This personalised approach allows patients to actively participate in their own healing process, fostering a sense of empowerment and control over their health outcomes.

Natural and Non-Invasive Therapies

Another factor contributing to the popularity of alternative medicine is the preference for natural and non-invasive therapies. Many individuals are seeking alternatives to conventional treatments that often involve pharmaceutical drugs or invasive procedures. Alternative medicine offers a wide range of natural remedies, including herbal medicines, acupuncture, chiropractic care, massage therapy, and nutritional counselling, which are perceived as gentler, safer, and more sustainable options.

Research-backed Examples


Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of acupuncture in treating various conditions, including chronic pain, migraines, and postoperative nausea. For instance, a meta-analysis published in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that acupuncture significantly reduced chronic pain compared to sham acupuncture or no treatment.

Herbal Medicine

Research has shown the potential of herbal medicines in treating certain ailments. For example, St. John’s Wort has been found to be effective in alleviating symptoms of mild to moderate depression, as suggested by a systematic review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)

Mindfulness practices, such as MBSR, have gained recognition for their positive impact on mental well-being. Numerous studies have shown that MBSR can reduce stress, anxiety, and depression while improving overall quality of life. A randomised controlled trial published in JAMA Internal Medicine demonstrated that MBSR significantly reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with generalised anxiety disorder.

Popularity can be attributed to its holistic approach, personalised care, and preference for natural therapies. Origins in traditional healing systems and research-backed examples, such as acupuncture, herbal medicine, and mindfulness-based practices, provide evidence of its potential benefits. As individuals seek a more comprehensive and patient-centred approach to healthcare, alternative medicine continues to gain recognition as a valuable complement to conventional medicine.

Debate style questions
Part 1

  1. Should it be given the same level of recognition and funding as conventional medicine?
  2. Is the rise in popularity a result of dissatisfaction with the current healthcare system?
  3. Should practitioners be required to meet the same licensing and certification standards as conventional healthcare professionals?
  4. Is the placebo effect the primary reason behind the perceived effectiveness of alternative medicine?
  5. Does it offer a valid and reliable solution for chronic pain management?
  6. Should insurance companies cover these forms of treatment?
  7. Can it adequately address mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression?
  8. Is there sufficient scientific evidence to support the safety of alternative medicine practices?
  9. Should this form of medicine be integrated into mainstream healthcare, or should it remain separate and complementary?

Part 2

  1. Does the promotion of alternative medicine contribute to the spread of misinformation and pseudoscience?
  2. Is its use by celebrities and influencers perpetuating its popularity without proper scientific scrutiny?
  3. Can it effectively treat and prevent chronic diseases, such as cancer or cardiovascular conditions?
  4. Should it be subject to stricter regulations to ensure patient safety?
  5. Is the rise in popularity of alternative medicine a reflection of a cultural shift towards a more holistic and natural lifestyle?
  6. Does the incorporation of alternative medicine in healthcare reduce reliance on pharmaceutical drugs and their potential side effects?


For more information about; The Conversation Course, press this link.

Join us on Spotify – press here.

Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class
Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class

The Inheritance boom, post the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has witnessed a significant increase in wealth inequality.

Inheritance Boom- Rise of the Affluent Middle Class




THE Conversation


The Pandemic Consequences

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has witnessed a significant increase in wealth inequality. One of the contributing factors to this disparity is inheritance. As the balance between the rich and poor widens, we are witnessing the emergence of a prominent affluent middle class. This conversation class explores how inheritance in the post-COVID era has fuelled the rise of this wealthy middle class, who now display their newfound wealth by owning luxury cars, watches, and jewellery.

Inheritance Boom

Inheritance plays a substantial role in perpetuating wealth inequality. In post-COVID times, generational wealth transfer through inheritance has become more evident. The wealthy elite, who have accumulated vast fortunes, pass down their assets to their children, consolidating their financial status and widening the wealth gap. As a result, the middle class faces more economic prosperity.

Inheritance & The Emergence of the Affluent Middle Class 

With the accumulation of inherited wealth, a new segment of society is emerging—the affluent middle class. These individuals, once part of the traditional middle class, have now acquired substantial wealth through inheritance. This newfound affluence allows them to indulge in conspicuous consumption, displaying their wealth through luxury cars, watches, and jewellery.

Inheritance And Status

The possession of fancy cars has become a status symbol for the affluent middle class. Owning high-end vehicles not only signifies financial success but also serves as a means to differentiate themselves from the lower socio-economic strata. Similarly, luxury watches and jewellery ownership further solidifies their social standing and distinguishes them from the less affluent.

The Psychological Implications of Displaying Wealth

The ostentatious display of wealth by the affluent middle class reflects not merely their financial success but also psychological implications. In a society where material possessions are often equated with personal worth, the acquisition of luxury items becomes a means of validation and social acceptance. The display of wealth through fancy cars, watches, and jewellery is a way for the affluent middle class to signal their status and gain recognition from their peers.

Inheritance Boom And The Socio-economic Consequences 

The widening gap between the rich and poor, fuelled by inheritance, has far-reaching socio-economic consequences. As the affluent middle class displays their wealth, it creates aspirations and desires among the lower classes, leading to increased consumerism and a drive to attain similar status symbols. This perpetuates a cycle of materialism, where individuals strive for financial success and accumulate debt to acquire luxury items, further exacerbating the wealth gap.

The inheritance boom in the post-COVID era has significantly fuelled the rise of an affluent middle class. As the balance between the rich and poor continues to widen, displaying wealth through fancy cars, watches, and jewellery has become an emblem of this newfound affluence. However, the consequences of this growing wealth inequality are profound, as it perpetuates a cycle of materialism and consumerism, leaving the less affluent struggling to bridge the gap. Addressing this issue requires a comprehensive approach that addresses both the structural and psychological aspects of wealth distribution in society.

Inheritance Boom Conversation Questions

Part 1

1. Should inheritance be heavily taxed to reduce wealth inequality?

2. Is it fair for individuals to inherit vast sums of money without working for it?

3. Should there be a limit on how much wealth can be inherited?

4. Is inheritance a fundamental right or a privilege that perpetuates inequality?

5. Should inheritance laws be reformed to ensure a more equal distribution of wealth?

6. Is it ethical for parents to prioritise passing on their wealth to their children over charitable giving?

7. Should inheritance be abolished altogether to promote a more balanced society?

8. Is displaying wealth through luxury items an expression of personal freedom or a form of societal inequality?

9. Should governments implement stricter regulations on the transfer of assets through inheritance?

10. Is the rise of the affluent middle class through inheritance detrimental to social mobility?

Part 2

11. Should inheritance be used as a means of funding public services and social welfare programs?

12. Is the inheritance of wealth a form of privilege perpetuating social divisions?

13. Should individuals be required to work for a certain period before being entitled to inherit wealth?

14. Is the inheritance of wealth a justifiable reward for the success and achievements of previous generations?

15. Should inheritance be distributed equally among all descendants, regardless of their individual circumstances?

16. Is the accumulation of wealth through inheritance a form of intergenerational theft?

17. Should inheritance be subject to means-testing to ensure it is allocated to those in genuine need?

18. Is displaying wealth through luxury items a reflection of personal success or a shallow form of materialism?

19. Should inheritance laws prioritise the redistribution of wealth to address societal inequalities?

20. Is the inheritance of wealth a natural consequence of the right to private property or a systemic flaw in capitalism?

IELTS Writing Task 

Some people believe that the concept of inheriting money and assets passed down from another generation is fair. Others believe it widens the gap between the rich and poor within a generation. Write an essay to offer your opinion and provide examples from your experience.

Time allowed – 40 minutes.

Minimum word count – 250 words

Inheritance Boom Podcast Transcript

Part 1

Welcome to this One2one podcast on “The Inheritance Debate,” where we explore the controversial topic of inheritance and its impact on society. 

Inheritance, passing down money and assets from one generation to another, has always sparked intense discussions. On one side of the argument, some believe that inheritance is fair, emphasising the right to private property and the freedom to distribute wealth as one sees fit. They argue that individuals should be able to leave their hard-earned assets to their heirs, ensuring their family’s well-being and future success.

However, on the other side, critics argue that the inheritance boom deepens the divide between the rich and the poor. They claim that those born into wealth have a significant advantage in life, with access to better education, healthcare, and opportunities. This perpetuates a cycle of privilege, making it harder for individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their circumstances. Critics also point out that inheritance can lead to the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, creating a significant wealth gap within a generation.

Part 2

Nevertheless, I believe that the issue lies not in the concept of inheritance boom itself but in how society regulates and manages it. Implementing policies that address the potential negative consequences of inheritance is crucial, ensuring a fairer distribution of opportunities and resources.

For instance, governments can consider imposing higher inheritance taxes on larger estates. By doing so, the revenue generated can be used to fund programs that support social welfare, education, and healthcare. This would help mitigate the impact of inherited wealth on societal inequality, ensuring a more balanced distribution of resources.

Promoting policies focusing on equal opportunities for all individuals, regardless of their family background, can further reduce the gap between the rich and the poor. Investing in quality education, affordable housing, and healthcare can empower individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their socio-economic status, irrespective of their inheritance.

Part 3

In conclusion, the inheritance boom itself is not inherently unfair. Instead, it is the way in which it is managed by society that determines its impact on inequality. Striking a balance between the freedom to pass on wealth and the need for a more equitable society is crucial. Ultimately, a fair and just society is one that provides equal opportunities for all, regardless of inherited wealth.

Thank you for joining me on this episode of “The Inheritance Debate.” I hope it has provided you with valuable insights into this complex topic. Remember, the conversation continues beyond this podcast, so let’s keep exploring and striving for a society that is fair and just. This lesson plan is available on our website and is part of our signature conversation course.

Please remember to subscribe to our YouTube Channel and share to support us. Till next time, bye for now!

The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected
The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected

The younger generation. As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, they are exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world.

The Younger Generation -A Digital Youth Connected

As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, young people are constantly exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world.

The Younger Generation

Modern-day lifestyles have a profound impact on the younger generation. As technology advances at an unprecedented rate, young people are constantly exposed to a fast-paced and interconnected world. This constant exposure to technology and social media has shaped their lives in ways previous generations could not have imagined.

One of the most noticeable impacts of modern lifestyles on the younger generation is the increase in sedentary behaviour. With the rise of smartphones, tablets, and video games, physical activity has taken a backseat. Instead of engaging in outdoor activities and sports, many young people spend hours glued to screens, leading to a decrease in physical fitness and an increase in health problems such as obesity.

Stress And Anxiety

Moreover, the pressure to be constantly connected and engaged on social media platforms has created a new form of stress and anxiety for young people. They are exposed to a curated version of other people’s lives, often leading to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem. The constant need for validation through likes, comments, and followers has become a significant source of pressure and anxiety.

The fast-paced nature of modern life has also impacted the younger generation’s mental health. The constant demands of school, extracurricular activities, and social obligations leave little time for relaxation and self-care. Many young people struggle with high levels of stress, depression, and burnout as they try to keep up with the expectations placed upon them.

Information And Entertainment

Additionally, the instant availability of information and entertainment has led to shorter attention spans among young people. With the ability to access any information or entertainment at their fingertips, many find it challenging to focus on tasks that require sustained attention and effort. This can have a detrimental effect on their academic performance and overall ability to concentrate and engage in deep thinking.

So, modern-day lifestyles have undoubtedly impacted the younger generation in various ways. While technology has brought numerous benefits and opportunities, it has also led to negative consequences. Society must address these issues by promoting a healthy balance between technology use and real-world experiences and fostering open conversations about mental health and well-being.

The Younger Generation – Conversation Questions

  1. Is technology and social media causing more harm than good to the younger generation?
  2. How can we strike a balance between technology use and physical activity for young people?
  3. Should schools incorporate more physical education programs to combat sedentary behaviour among students?
  4. Does constant exposure to social media lead to increased levels of anxiety and depression in young people?
  5. What measures can be taken to promote positive body image and self-esteem in the face of societal pressures fueled by social media?
  6. Should parents limit their children’s screen time to protect their mental and physical health?
  7. Are young people today more socially isolated due to their reliance on technology?
  8. How can we educate young people about the potential dangers and risks associated with excessive technology use?
  9. Should schools implement mindfulness and stress management programs to support the mental health of young people?
  10. Is the pressure to achieve and excel in various aspects of life leading to increased stress and burnout among young people?

Conversation Questions – Part 2

  1. Should there be stricter regulations on the advertising and marketing practices targeting young people on social media?
  2. How can we encourage young people to engage in outdoor activities and develop a healthy lifestyle?
  3. What role should schools play in teaching digital citizenship and responsible technology use?
  4. Are young people today less capable of face-to-face communication and social skills due to their reliance on digital communication?
  5. Should there be age restrictions or guidelines for social media platforms to protect the well-being of young users?
  6. How can we promote a healthy body image and challenge unrealistic beauty standards perpetuated by social media?
  7. Is the constant comparison and competition on social media detrimental to the mental health of young people?
  8. What steps can be taken to address the mental health crisis among young people, exacerbated by the pressures of modern-day lifestyles?
  9. Should schools provide more resources and support for students struggling with mental health issues?
  10. How can we educate and empower young people to become critical consumers of media and technology?


An IELTS essay writing task on this topic.

In recent years, the rapid advancement of technology and the widespread use of social media have significantly influenced the lives of young people. Write an essay to discuss the positive and negative impacts of technology and social media on the younger generation. Where possible, provide examples from your own experience.

Write at least 250 words, and you should take no longer than 40 minutes to complete this task.

Remember to structure your essay with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use appropriate linking words and phrases to connect your ideas and support your arguments. Pay attention to grammar, vocabulary, and coherence. Remember to practice writing this essay within the time limit to improve your IELTS writing skills. Good luck!

Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches - A Native Sound
Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches – A Native Sound

The roles of a Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches are both crucial in supporting and facilitating the successful implementation of Agile methodologies within a team or organisation.

Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches - A Native Sound

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches

The roles of Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches are both crucial in supporting and facilitating the successful implementation of Agile methodologies within a team or organisation. While they share some similarities, they have distinct responsibilities:

Scrum Master:

Facilitates the Scrum process: The Scrum Master ensures that the Scrum framework is followed, facilitates the Scrum events (such as daily stand-ups, sprint planning, sprint reviews, and retrospectives), and helps the team stay focused and productive.

Removes obstacles

The Scrum Master identifies and removes any impediments or obstacles hindering the team’s progress, ensuring they can work efficiently and meet their goals.

Supports the team:

The Scrum Master serves as a servant leader to the team, providing guidance, coaching, and support. They foster a collaborative and self-organising environment where the team can thrive.

Promotes continuous improvement:

The Scrum Master encourages the team to improve their processes, practices, and teamwork continuously. They facilitate retrospectives to reflect on past iterations and identify areas for growth.

Acts as a liaison:

The Scrum Master is a liaison between the development team, product owner, and stakeholders, ensuring effective communication, alignment, and understanding.

Agile Coach:

The Agile Coach helps organisations, teams, and individuals transition to Agile methodologies, guiding them through the adoption process and ensuring a smooth transition.

Provides training and education:

The Agile Coach educates team members and stakeholders on Agile principles, practices, and frameworks. They provide training sessions, workshops, and guidance to help everyone understand and embrace Agile values.

Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches

Mentors and coaches:

The Agile Coach mentors and coaches individuals and teams, helping them improve their Agile practices, collaboration, and mindset. They provide guidance, feedback, and support to foster continuous learning and growth.

Facilitates collaboration:

The Agile Coach promotes collaboration, communication, and teamwork within the organisation. They facilitate workshops, meetings, and activities to encourage cross-functional collaboration and alignment.

Champions Agile values:

The Agile Coach advocates for Agile values and principles, promoting a culture of agility, adaptability, and continuous improvement throughout the organisation.

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches often use idioms to convey important concepts and principles memorably. Here are some idioms commonly used in the Agile community:

  1. “Inspect and Adapt” – This idiom emphasises the importance of continuously evaluating and adjusting processes and practices to improve outcomes.
  2. “Fail fast, fail forward” – This idiom encourages teams to embrace experimentation and learn from failures to iterate and improve.
  3. “Pigs and Chickens” – This idiom refers to the Scrum roles of “pigs” (team members who are committed and accountable) and “chickens” (stakeholders who are involved but not accountable). It reminds everyone of the importance of active participation and ownership.
  4. “Working software over comprehensive documentation” – This idiom highlights the Agile value of prioritising tangible results (working software) over extensive documentation.
  5. “One throat to choke” – This idiom emphasizes the importance of clear accountability and a single point of responsibility in the Agile team.
  6. “Shippable increment” – This idiom refers to the goal of delivering a potentially releasable and valuable product increment at the end of each iteration or sprint.
  7. “Rocks, pebbles, and sand” – This idiom is often used to illustrate the concept of prioritisation, where rocks represent important tasks, pebbles represent secondary tasks, and the sand represents less critical tasks.
  8. “Swarming” – This idiom describes the practice of the whole team collaborating on a single task or user story to ensure its completion.
  9. “YAGNI” (You Ain’t Gonna Need It) – This idiom reminds teams to avoid unnecessary complexity and to only build what is currently required instead of over-engineering for future possibilities.
  10. “Elephant in the room” – This idiom refers to a significant issue or problem that everyone is aware of but is avoiding or not addressing directly. Agile coaches may use this phrase to encourage open and honest communication about challenges.

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches may use phrasal verbs to communicate specific actions and behaviours within the Agile framework. Here are some phrasal verbs commonly used in the Agile community:

  1. “Break down” – This phrasal verb refers to the process of dividing larger tasks or user stories into smaller, manageable pieces for better planning and execution.
  2. “Bring up” – This phrasal verb means to raise or introduce a topic or issue during a team discussion or retrospective.
  3. “Call off” – This phrasal verb is used to cancel or stop a planned meeting, event, or activity.
  4. “Follow up” – This phrasal verb means to check or ensure that a task or action item has been completed or addressed.
  5. “Hold off” – This phrasal verb is used to delay or postpone a decision, action, or implementation until a later time.
  6. “Put off” – This phrasal verb means to postpone or delay a task or activity to a later date or time.
  7. “Take on” – This phrasal verb refers to accepting or assuming responsibility for a task, user story, or role.
  8. “Work through” – This phrasal verb means to systematically analyse, address, or resolve a problem, challenge, or issue.
  9. “Catch up” – This phrasal verb is used to indicate the need to get up to date or synchronise with the progress or information shared by the team.
  10. “Wrap up” – This phrasal verb means to complete or finish a task, meeting, or iteration. Here are some conversation questions on the topic of Agile coaching and Scrum mastering:
  11. How would you describe the role of an Agile coach and a Scrum Master? What are their primary responsibilities?
  12. Have you worked with Agile Coaches or Scrum Masters in the past? If so, what was your experience like?
  13. What do you think are the key qualities or skills that make a successful Agile coach or Scrum Master?
  14. How have Agile coaching and Scrum mastering impacted the way your team works and collaborates?
  15. Can you share any specific challenges your team has faced during the Agile transformation and how your Agile coach or Scrum Master helped overcome them?
  16. In your opinion, what is the most significant benefit of having an Agile coach or Scrum Master on the team?
  17. How do you think an Agile coach or Scrum Master can contribute to the professional growth and development of team members?
  18. Have you noticed any changes in team dynamics or team morale since implementing Agile practices? If so, how has an Agile coach or Scrum Master helped address them?
  19. What metrics or measurements do you think are essential to track the success and progress of Agile coaching and Scrum mastering?
  20. Are there any areas where you feel the Agile coach or Scrum Master could provide additional support or guidance to the team?

Scrum Masters and Agile coaches Questions

Questions you can ask during a 6-month review with an Agile coach and Scrum Master:

  1. How has the team’s understanding and adoption of Agile principles improved over the past six months?
  2. Can you provide examples of specific challenges the team has faced and how they were resolved using Agile methodologies?
  3. What improvements have been made regarding team collaboration, communication, and transparency?
  4. Have you seen any notable team productivity or efficiency changes since implementing Agile practices?
  5. How have you supported individual team member’s professional development and growth?
  6. What feedback have you received from team members regarding your coaching and facilitation style?
  7. Have there been any changes in the team’s overall satisfaction and morale since adopting Agile practices?
  8. What metrics or measurements have you used to track the team’s progress and success?
  9. Are there any areas where additional support or resources are needed to enhance the Agile transformation further?
  10. What goals or objectives do you have for the team in the next six months, and how do you plan to achieve them?
Restaurant Dining - The Versatility Of Modal Verbs
Restaurant Dining – The Versatility Of Modal Verbs

Restaurant Dining- A signature role-play task that puts you in the driving seat of learning. Reduce translation time with situational tasks.

Restaurant Dining - The Versatility Of Modal Verbs


Imagine you are a customer dining at a restaurant, and you need to interact with the waiter to place your order and ask for recommendations. Practice ordering food and drinks, asking about menu items, and inquiring about specials or dietary restrictions. Use polite phrases like “May I have…” and “Could you please recommend…” to engage in a natural and friendly conversation with the waiter. Focus on practising vocabulary related to food, beverages, and dining etiquette while role-playing this scenario. Enjoy the interactive experience of dining out in a role-play setting!



   – Soup

   – Salad

   – Spring rolls

   – Bruschetta

   – Garlic bread

Main Courses:

   – Chicken Parmesan

   – Beef stir-fry

   – Grilled salmon

   – Vegetarian lasagna

   – Pork ribs

Side Dishes:

   – Mashed potatoes

   – Steamed vegetables

   – French fries

   – Rice 

   – Coleslaw


   – Water

   – Soft drinks

   – Iced tea

   – Coffee

   – Hot chocolate


   – Chocolate cake

   – Cheesecake

   – Ice cream sundae

   – Fruit tart

   – Tiramisu

Restaurant Ordering Phrases

   – “I’ll have the…”

   – “Can I get a glass of water, please?”

   – “What do you recommend?”

   – “Is this dish spicy?”

   – “Could I have the bill, please?”


Modal verbs in English help convey various concepts such as possibility, necessity, permission, ability, and obligation. They add subtle differences to the meaning of a sentence and indicate the speaker’s attitude towards the action or situation described. For example:

– “Can” and “could” are used to talk about ability or possibility.

– “May” and “might” indicate permission or possibility.

– “Must” expresses a strong obligation or high probability.

– “Shall” is used for offers, suggestions, or future intentions.

– “Should” indicates advice, recommendation, or expectation.

– “Will” and “would” are used for future actions or hypothetical situations.

Using modal verbs appropriately, speakers can effectively convey their intended meaning and express slight differences in English beyond simple statements. These so-called variances can add empathetic value and are distinct characteristics.

Whether in a business setting, enjoying a relaxed meeting at a restaurant, moving country, or preparing for an exam, we need this essential vocabulary. 

Join One2one for this situational learning task that will accelerate your learning and give you a native English-speaking experience. 

This class is available as a one-off class or as part of the Business English Course. 

“Are you brave enough to try?”.

Join us on Spotify

Artificial Weather: A Global Storm In A Tea Cup
Artificial Weather: A Global Storm In A Tea Cup

Artificial weather is a topical argument that governments have debated for decades. This conversation lesson plan will highlight how to compare, contrast, express an opinion, and use common prepositions. Build spoken confidence and apply the theory in English as a second language.

There are two schools of thought on whether societies should future-proof against droughts, flooding, and food shortages. Our planet is heating up, and spotlight debates about how we should or shouldn’t combat rising temperatures have been an ongoing topical subject for decades.

Future Proof: The Pursuit of Artificial Weather

Schools Of Thought

There are two schools of thought on whether societies should future-proof against droughts, flooding, and food shortages. Our planet is heating up, and spotlight debates about how we should or shouldn’t combat rising temperatures have been an ongoing topical subject for decades. 

With no end in sight, some countries have considered turning to technology as a possible solution. The environment is a hot topic for most exam bodies and, as such, should be researched to build vocabulary and confidence.

Conversation Course

In this conversation class, we will debate the concept of producing heat and rain artificially and how it could deviate from a very certain outcome. You will learn how to express yourself in English as a second language. In particular; voice tones, comparative and superlative, use of common prepositions and interaction skills.

China’s ambitious endeavours in the field of weather manipulation have sparked intense ethical debates worldwide. With the ability to create artificial rain and even simulate the sun, China’s scientific advancements have raised concerns about the potential consequences and ethical implications of playing with nature. This article will explore the ethical dilemmas associated with China’s pursuit of artificial weather, exploring the benefits, risks, and the need for responsible innovation in this rapidly evolving field.

The Promise of Artificial Rain:

China’s efforts to create artificial rain have been driven by many factors, including addressing water scarcity, mitigating droughts, and enhancing agricultural productivity. By deploying cloud seeding techniques, such as dispersing chemicals into clouds to induce precipitation, China aims to alleviate water shortages and ensure food security. However, critics argue that manipulating rainfall patterns may have unintended ecological consequences, disrupting natural ecosystems and exacerbating environmental imbalances.

Unleashing the Artificial Sun:

China’s pursuit of an artificial sun, a nuclear fusion reactor known as the “Artificial Sun,” has garnered both excitement and apprehension. This groundbreaking project aims to replicate the process that powers the sun, potentially unlocking a virtually limitless source of clean and sustainable energy. However, the ethical concerns surrounding nuclear fusion technology are significant, as it involves handling radioactive materials and the potential for nuclear accidents. Striking a balance between scientific progress and the safety of humans and the environment becomes crucial in this context.

Ethical Considerations:

The ethical debate surrounding China’s weather manipulation efforts revolves around several key considerations:

  1. Critics argue that tampering with the weather interferes with the natural order of the environment, potentially leading to unforeseen consequences.
  2. Concerns about the transparency and accountability of the research and development process have been raised, emphasising the need for open dialogue and international collaboration.
  3. Questions arise regarding the equitable distribution of the benefits and risks associated with artificial rain and artificial sun technologies, particularly in developing countries heavily affected by climate change.

Responsible Innovation:

As China continues to push the boundaries of weather manipulation, prioritising responsible and ethical innovation becomes imperative. This includes conducting comprehensive risk assessments, ensuring public engagement and participation in decision-making processes, and establishing international regulatory frameworks to govern the deployment of artificial weather technologies. By fostering a multidisciplinary approach incorporating input from scientists, policymakers, and ethicists, we can navigate the ethical challenges while harnessing the potential benefits of artificial rain and artificial sun technologies.

Artificial Weather

China’s advancements in artificial rain and artificial sun technologies have undoubtedly opened up new possibilities for addressing pressing environmental and energy challenges. However, the ethical debates surrounding these endeavours highlight the need for caution, responsibility, and a comprehensive understanding of the potential risks and benefits. As we venture further into the realm of weather manipulation, it is essential to strike a delicate balance between scientific progress, ethical considerations, and the long-term sustainability of our planet.

Artificial Weather Questions – Part 1

1. Should China continue to invest in artificial rain technologies despite the potential ecological consequences?

2. What measures should be taken to minimise the environmental impact of artificial rain in China?

3. Is the manipulation of rainfall patterns through artificial rain a viable solution for addressing water scarcity in China?

4. Should artificial rain be a long-term solution to address droughts in China, or are there better alternatives?

5. How can we ensure the responsible and ethical use of artificial rain technologies in China?

6. What are the potential economic benefits of manipulating rainfall patterns through artificial rain in China, and do they outweigh the ecological risks?

7. Should the use of artificial rain be limited to specific regions in China, or should it be implemented nationwide?

8. How can local communities and indigenous peoples be involved in decision-making regarding artificial rain in China?

9. What are the potential social and cultural impacts of manipulating rainfall patterns through artificial rain in China?

10. Should international cooperation be encouraged to develop guidelines and regulations for using artificial rain technologies globally?

Artificial Weather – Questions Part 2

11. What are the potential risks of relying heavily on artificial rain for agricultural production in China?

12. How can we ensure that artificial rain technologies do not exacerbate existing water inequalities in China?

13. Should there be a regulatory body on artificial rain technologies until further research is conducted on their ecological impacts?

14. What role should scientists and experts play in shaping policies and regulations related to artificial rain in China?

15. How can we effectively monitor and evaluate the ecological consequences of manipulating rainfall patterns through artificial rain in China?

16. Should there be public awareness campaigns to educate the general population about the potential risks and benefits of artificial rain in China?

17. Should the government provide financial incentives for developing and implementing more sustainable and eco-friendly artificial rain technologies?

18. How can we strike a balance between addressing immediate water needs through artificial rain and promoting long-term water conservation and sustainability in China?

19. Should artificial rain technologies be reserved for extreme weather events only, or should it be implemented as a regular practice?

20. What are the potential legal and regulatory challenges associated with using artificial rain technologies in China, and how can they be overcome?

Join us on Spotify.

Read about this course.

Conspiracy Theories: Unmasked For A Curious Mind
Conspiracy Theories: Unmasked For A Curious Mind

Conspiracy theories have long captured the imaginations of people across the globe. A topical conversation lesson plan.

Weaving intricate tales of hidden agendas, secret societies, and covert manipulations. These theories, often dismissed as mere speculation or paranoia, continue to persist and gain traction in various aspects of society. But what exactly is a conspiracy theory, and why do they exist?

At their core, conspiracy theories are alternative explanations that question the official narrative surrounding significant events or phenomena. They suggest the existence of a secretive group or organisation working behind the scenes to manipulate outcomes, control governments, or conceal the truth. Such theories find fertile ground in the gaps of information, uncertainties, and mistrust that can arise in complex and turbulent times.

The existence of conspiracy theories can be attributed to several factors. Firstly, human nature plays a significant role. As social beings, we strive to make sense of the world around us, seeking explanations for events that seem inexplicable or beyond our control. Conspiracy theories provide a sense of order and understanding, offering a comprehensible narrative in the face of uncertainty.

Questioning the status quo

Additionally, conspiracy theories often flourish during times of societal upheaval, when people feel marginalised, powerless, or disillusioned with the established order. In these instances, conspiracy theories can serve as a form of resistance or a means to reclaim a sense of agency. They provide an outlet for expressing discontent, challenging authority, and questioning the status quo.

Furthermore, the widespread availability of information through the internet and social media has contributed to the proliferation of conspiracy theories. The ease of accessing and disseminating information, coupled with the echo chambers of like-minded individuals, can reinforce and amplify these theories, making them appear more credible and widespread than they actually are.

However, it is crucial to approach conspiracy theories with scepticism and critical thinking. While some theories may uncover legitimate concerns or raise important questions, many lack credible evidence and rely on speculation, misinformation, or logical fallacies. It is essential to distinguish between genuine investigative inquiry and baseless conjecture.


In this article, we will delve deeper into the world of conspiracy theories, examining their origins, psychological appeal, and the societal implications they pose. By understanding the underlying factors contributing to their existence, we can better navigate the complex landscape of information and discern fact from fiction.

Join us as we embark on a journey to unravel the enigma of conspiracy theories in this conversation lesson plan. We explore the human fascination with hidden truths and the allure of alternative explanations. Let us delve into the mysterious realm where scepticism meets curiosity as we seek to shed light on the shadows of conspiracy theories and their enduring presence in our world.

Scepticism meets curiosity

1. The Moon Landing Hoax: Some believe the U.S. government staged the Apollo moon landing in 1969 to win the Space Race against the Soviet Union.

2. 9/11 Inside Job: This theory suggests that the U.S. government orchestrated the 9/11 terrorist attacks as a pretext for engaging in war in the Middle East.

3. Chemtrails: Conspiracy theorists claim that the white trails left by aeroplanes in the sky are chemicals that are sprayed for sinister purposes, such as mind control or weather manipulation.

4. Flat Earth: This theory asserts that the Earth is flat instead of spherical, despite centuries of scientific evidence to the contrary.

5. New World Order: Believers in this theory claim that a global cabal of powerful individuals or organisations controls world events and plans to establish a totalitarian world government.

6. Reptilian Elite: Some conspiracy theorists believe that shape-shifting reptilian humanoid aliens secretly control the world’s governments and institutions.

7. JFK Assassination: This theory suggests that the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1963 was not carried out by Lee Harvey Oswald alone but was a result of a larger conspiracy involving multiple individuals or groups.

8. Area 51 and Extraterrestrial Life: This theory revolves around the idea that the U.S. government is hiding evidence of extraterrestrial life and advanced technology at the secretive Area 51 military base in Nevada.

9. Vaccination Conspiracy: Some argue that vaccines are harmful and that their real purpose is to control or harm the population, despite overwhelming scientific consensus on their efficacy and safety.

10. Princess Diana Death Assassination Plot: This theory suggests that Princess Diana was killed due to her involvement with Dodi Al-Fayed.

Conspiracy Theories Part 2

11. Illuminati: Believers in this theory claim that a secret society called the Illuminati controls world events and manipulates governments and economies.

12. Global Warming Hoax: Some argue that the scientific consensus on global warming and climate change is a hoax perpetuated to control the economy or advance a political agenda.

13. Elvis Presley Faked His Death: This theory suggests that Elvis Presley, the famous musician, faked his death in 1977 and is still alive.

14. Paul McCartney Replacement: Some claim that Paul McCartney of The Beatles was replaced by a look-a-like after his alleged death in 1966.

15. HIV/AIDS Conspiracy: This theory suggests that HIV/AIDS was intentionally created and spread by governments or pharmaceutical companies for various reasons, such as population control or profit.

16. Big Pharma: Conspiracy theorists argue that pharmaceutical companies intentionally suppress natural cures and promote harmful drugs for profit.

17. Reversed Messages in Music: This theory claims that hidden messages are intentionally inserted into music tracks when played in reverse, with potentially harmful effects on the listener’s subconscious mind.

18. Roswell UFO Incident: This conspiracy theory revolves around the alleged crash of an extraterrestrial spacecraft in Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947 and the subsequent government cover-up.

19. The Mandela Effect: This theory suggests that collective false memories of specific events or details are evidence of alternate realities or parallel universes.

20. Hollow Earth: Some believe that the Earth is hollow and a hidden civilization resides within it.

Conspiracy Theories Part 3

Topical Debates

1. Should the death penalty be abolished?

2. Is climate change primarily caused by human activity?

3. Should genetically modified organisms (GMOs) be allowed in food production?

4. Is free speech more important than preventing hate speech?

5. Should recreational marijuana use be legalised?

6. Is it ethical to use animals for scientific experiments?

7. Should the government provide free healthcare for all citizens?

8. Is homeschooling a better option than traditional schooling?

9. Should the voting age be lowered to 16?

10. Is capitalism the best economic system?

11. Should affirmative action policies be implemented to promote diversity?

12. Is censorship necessary to protect society?

13. Should the use of nuclear energy be expanded?

14. Is using animals for entertainment, such as zoos or circuses, ethical?

15. Should the minimum wage be raised?

16. Is universal basic income a viable solution to poverty?

17. Should the government regulate social media platforms to combat misinformation and hate speech?

18. Is it ethical to use artificial intelligence in decision-making processes?

19. Should the United States adopt stricter gun control laws?

20. Is globalisation more beneficial or harmful for developing countries?

Join us on Spotify

Book this course.

Podcast-Mind your own business.
Podcast-Mind your own business.

Welcome to this edition of one2one Podcasts, focused on expressing an opinion in English as a second language.

Podcast-Mind your own business.


Welcome to this edition of one2one Podcasts, focused on expressing an opinion in English as a second language.


Business conversation questions

  1. ” Remote work is a more efficient and productive way of conducting business than traditional office-based work.”
  2.  “Data-driven decision-making is essential for businesses to stay competitive in the modern market.”
  3.  “Sustainability initiatives in business are just a PR stunt and do not significantly impact the environment.”
  4.  “Digital marketing is the most effective way for businesses to reach and engage with their target audience.”
  5. “Artificial intelligence and automation will lead to significant job losses and negatively impact the workforce.”
  6. “Corporate social responsibility should be mandatory for all businesses, regardless of size or industry.”
  7. “Flexible work hours and work-life balance initiatives are crucial for employee satisfaction and retention.”
  8. “Traditional brick-and-mortar stores will become obsolete as e-commerce continues to dominate the market.”
  9. “Innovation and adaptation to new technologies are essential for long-term business success.”
  10. Government regulations and policies are necessary to ensure fair competition in the business industry.”
  11. “Investing in employee training and development is a key strategy for businesses to stay competitive and retain top talent.”
  12. “Businesses should prioritise diversity and inclusion in their hiring practices to foster innovation and reflect the diverse customer base.”
  13.  “Corporate mergers and acquisitions contribute to market consolidation and limit competition, ultimately harming consumers.”
  14. “Investing in sustainable and renewable energy sources is not only environmentally responsible but also financially beneficial for businesses in the long run.”
  15. “Ethical sourcing and supply chain management should be a priority for businesses to ensure fair treatment of workers and prevent exploitation.”
  16.  “Businesses have a moral obligation to give back to the communities they operate in through philanthropy and social initiatives.”
  17. “Blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionise various industries and improve transparency and security in business transactions.”
  18. “Businesses should prioritise customer experience and satisfaction to build strong brand loyalty and increase profitability.”
  19. “The government should provide more financial incentives and support for small businesses to foster entrepreneurship and economic growth.”

Join us on Spotify.

Inheritance - What's yours is mine
Inheritance – What’s yours is mine

Inheritance tax, also known as estate tax or death tax, is a controversial topic that has been debated for years. It is a tax levied on transferring property or assets from a deceased person to their heirs or beneficiaries.

Join us for this controversial conversation class on the subject of inheritance tax. Featured recently in the media, learn how to express your opinion in English as a second language. This class is available as part of our conversation course.


Join us on Spotify!

Inheritance tax, also known as estate tax or death tax, is a controversial topic that has been debated for years. It is a tax levied on transferring property or assets from a deceased person to their heirs or beneficiaries. Below are some arguments for and against inheritance tax:

Inheritance Tax Advantages

1. Promotes equality: Inheritance tax ensures wealth is distributed more evenly among society. It prevents the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few and helps reduce wealth inequality. Taxing the wealthiest estates provides resources that can be used for public goods and services that benefit all citizens.

2. Revenue generation: Inheritance tax generates significant revenue for the government. This revenue can fund public services such as healthcare, education, infrastructure, and social welfare programs. It helps reduce the budget deficit and provides resources for the government to invest in the economy.

3. Prevents the creation of a hereditary aristocracy: Inheritance tax discourages the creation of a hereditary aristocracy by making it more difficult for wealthy families to pass on their wealth to future generations without any taxation. This ensures that individuals are motivated to work hard and contribute to society rather than relying solely on inherited wealth.

Inheritance Tax Disadvantages

Critics argue that inheritance tax is a form of double taxation. The assets being passed down have already been subjected to income tax, capital gains tax, and other taxes throughout the deceased person’s lifetime. Taxing them again upon death is seen as unfair and burdensome.

Inheritance tax can harm family-owned businesses and farms. In some cases, heirs may be forced to sell or liquidate assets to pay the tax, leading to the loss of jobs and the dissolution of family-owned enterprises. This can negatively impact local economies and communities.

Tax planning

High inheritance tax rates often incentivise wealthy individuals to engage in tax planning strategies to minimise their tax liability. This can lead to complex estate planning, the creation of trusts, and other methods to avoid or evade the tax. As a result, the revenue generated from inheritance tax may be lower than anticipated.

The debate on inheritance tax revolves around fairness, equality, economic impact, and revenue generation. Proponents argue that it promotes equality and generates revenue for public goods. In contrast, opponents say that it is a form of double taxation, negatively affects small businesses, and encourages tax evasion. The outcome of this debate depends on the balance between these factors and the specific context of each country or jurisdiction.

Conversation Questions 

1. What are your thoughts on inheritance tax? Do you believe it is fair or unfair?

2. Do you think inheritance tax helps reduce wealth inequality? Why or why not?

3. What impact do you think inheritance tax has on small businesses and family-owned farms?

4. Is it important for society to discourage the creation of a hereditary aristocracy? Why or why not?

5. In your opinion, does inheritance tax encourage tax evasion and avoidance? Why or why not?

6. Should inheritance tax rates be higher or lower? What factors should be considered in determining the appropriate rate?

7. Do you think inheritance tax revenue is effectively used for public goods and services? Can you provide any examples?

8. How does this tax compare to other forms of taxation, such as income tax or sales tax?

9. Would you support any reforms or changes to the current inheritance tax system? If so, what would they be?

10. How does this tax vary across different countries? Are there any countries with particularly high or low rates that you find interesting?

Writing Practice:

Essay writing task

Some people believe that inheritance tax is beneficial because it helps distribute wealth across society. Others believe that this form of taxation is simply not fair since its money that has already been taxed.

Write an essay to express your opinion. Your essay should have a minimum word count of 250 words, and you should take no longer than 40 minutes to complete this task.

Your essay will be corrected by a language instructor at the beginning of your class in real time so that you can identify any errors made and correct them.